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History Taught In Pakistan

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History Taught In Pakistan
#6
Interesting...

http://www.pakistan-facts.com/staticpages/...030403171005709

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Rewriting history - Murdering history amounts to state-sponsored terrorism
Mohammad Shehzad

Social studies textbooks in the Urdu language, printed by the government and used in government-run schools and institutions, fudge facts and indoctrinate students with a jaundiced worldview. The most comprehensive analyses of this phenomenon in Pakistan is historian Prof KK Aziz?s ?The Murder of History,? published by Vanguard Books Pvt Ltd. Social Studies for Students used in classes four through ten comes in seven versions. The subject is compulsory study for students in all state-sponsored schools and the textbook is the only book available to these schools. This later dovetails into Pakistan Studies, where even private schools are forced to teach a couple of texts that have been written at the behest of the state and project a certain idea of Pakistan, its supposed friends and adversaries. <b>The books, which do not name the authors, are literary equivalent of hate speech. These books would not be out of place in any madrassah preparing the young for an early grave. ?Hindu? India and Britain are depicted as enemies while Saudi Arabia and the Muslim Ummah are extolled. The Pakistan Army and its ?three decisive victories? over India are mentioned liberally</b> and are an example of how institutional attempt has been made to rewrite history.

<b>Words like ?dark?, ?ugly? and ?short? are used to describe Hindus while Muslims are presented in glowing terms. Atrocities committed by Muslim invaders are glossed over while those by Hindu and Sikh invaders magnified. Invasions led by Muslims are justified as having been necessary for the expansion of Islam whereas Hindu-led invasions are depicted bleakly. Hindus are also reported as having colluded with the English to suppress the Muslims, according to these books. ?The English confiscated Muslim lands and gave them to the Hindus. Muslim welfare institutions also met a similar fate. The money generated through Muslim trusts was misappropriated by the English and this resulted in the closure of several Islamic madrassahs. The English also looted the cultural assets of the Muslims. Valuable and rare books of Muslims were transported to Britain and thus, as per plan, the Muslim educational system was ruined.? Replacement of Persian with English as the official language is also cited as an example of the Hindu-English campaign against Muslims. ?The English also replaced the Islamic law with Common Law. This made the Muslims on the judiciary redundant. And they were replaced by Hindus,? read the books. ?Gandhi was with the Muslims and against the English when the Caliphate Movement started but without giving any reason switched sides. This is typical of Hindus.? The ?obduracy? and ?subversiveness? of the Congress Party are posited as factors that led to the creation of Pakistan. The party is also accused of masterminding acts of violence and aggression against Muslims and plotting to install ?Hindu Raj? upon the end of British rule.</b>

The Nehru Report is mentioned as an example of the Congress Party?s anti-Muslim stand. ?Congress and its Hindu leaders wanted to have a constitution that could help them prevail upon the Muslims. They were not willing to recognise the independent political standing of the Muslims. Neither were they inclined to protect Muslims? constitutional rights.? In 1937, Congress won six states. This period is described as one of untold misery for Muslims. ?The national anthem, ?Banday Matram?, is un-Islamic and preached hatred against Muslims. Recitation of it was made compulsory in schools; children were made to worship Gandhi?s portrait and salute the Congress flag... <b>This was a bald attempt to undermine and forcibly replace Muslim traditions and culture. Muslims were embargoed from government services and disallowed from freely practicing Islam.? The government resigned two years later and this, on Jinnah?s instruction, was celebrated as the ?day of deliverance?. Needless to say Muslim League leaders are portrayed as possessing the patience of saints and the party is extolled for its role in the creation of Pakistan. ?The Hindus were biding their time and wanted, once the British left, to rule over Muslims to take revenge for the time they spent under benevolent Mughal rule.?</b>

At the time of Partition, Congress leaders prevailed upon Viceroy Mountbatten and coerced Radcliffe into annexing several Muslims-majority districts to India that would have been part of Pakistan under the rules agreed upon, says the book. Pakistan was thus deprived of control over river waters from Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. ?India subjugated the people of Kashmir against their will,? they say, ?There were around 450 semi-sovereign states in the subcontinent that could have either joined India or Pakistan. Kashmir and Hyderabad-Deccan decided to remain sovereign. Kashmir?s Hindu Dogra dynasty prince struck a deal with Nehru and announced accession to India despite the wishes of the Kashmiri people.? When Junagadh announced accession to Pakistan, India sent its troops there to foil the accession. ?According to an agreement, Pakistan had to receive a lot of cash and ammunition from India which the latter blocked without justification,? the books say. However, no mention is made of the fact that Gandhi declared a fast-unto-death to force the India government to release funds that were Pakistan?s due. ?Muslims have always helped the Hindus who have only returned the favour by massacring innocent Muslims,? the textbook for Class IV makes plain on Page 85. ?India is an enemy. Its designs are nefarious. We should receive military training so that we could fight our enemy,? it suggests on Page 112. The propagation of the caste-system and of medieval practices such as satti (burning a widow on the husband?s pyre) are used to illustrate <b>the inferiority of Hindu culture.</b>

India is condemned for ?silently? attacking Pakistan on September 6, 1965. There is no mention of Operation Gibraltar under which Pakistan Army personnel in plainclothes went into Kashmir to support ?locals? against India. Accounts of all Indo-Pakistan wars are similarly skewed with the upshot always in Pakistan?s favour. Fifth grade students, for example, are taught that the 1971 war was a Hindu conspiracy. In September 1981, Pakistan offered India a no-war pact but India evaded the issue and started raising unnecessary objections over Pakistan?s foreign policy, the books say. ?Indo-Pak relations improved in 1990,? near the time of a near nuclear standoff incidentally, ?but suspicions remained as India was not sincere in fairly settling the Kashmir issue.? The UN is taken to task for its ineffectualness in resolving the Kashmir dispute. India is accused of settling Hindus in Kashmir so that if there finally is a plebiscite, as mandated by the UN resolutions, this new Hindu majority can vote for accession to India. Muslim countries are thanked for their support to Pakistan over Kashmir and General Pervez Musharraf is lionised for broaching the subject at the Agra Summit last year. ?President of Pakistan presented the Kashmir case courageously and splendidly which was appreciated by the entire world but the summit failed.? One remarkable thing about these textbooks is the addition every ruler does to them. Sometimes, previous rulers are either criticised or just ignored. For instance, during General Zia-ul Haq?s period, all references to prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto were removed. Citing the signing of the 1973 constitution, for instance, the textbook dealt with the issue in one small paragraph without a single reference to Bhutto.

India is blamed for imposing three wars on Pakistan, for starting an arms race in the region, and for the wholesale slaughter of Kashmiris. But the books do sound off on a bit of hope. ?Pakistan is a peaceful nation and wants pleasant ties with India. In the days to come, Pakistan-India relations will improve.? <b>This may seem to contradict definitions of jihad in the books describing it as a religious duty to war against India. </b>(Rich tribute has been paid to Shah Mohammad Ismail and Maulana Abdul Hayee for waging jihad against the English in the Frontier province.) <b>Pakistan?s ills are blamed squarely on India and no mention is made of draconian laws like the Hudood Ordinance and commonplace crimes against women and children and minorities that make life in Pakistan miserable</b>. Afghanistan and its refusal since 1947 to accept the Durand Line as the international border are also mentioned. The country is accused of coming up with the irredentist cry for Pashtunistan. The books say diplomatic relations were severed twice, in 1955 and 1961. ?Despite this animosity, Pakistan extended Afghanistan trade facilities... During the Afghan war, Pakistan gave refuge to three million displaced Afghans.? The books also exalt the Taliban as Mujahideen or holy warriors.

Absent, however, is the August 11, 1947, speech of the Quaid-e-Azam in which he presented his vision for a secular, democratic Pakistan. At the end of the books a list of martyrs who received the military honour Nishan-e-Haider has been published. There is also no mention of social workers and philanthropists. Abdul Sattar Edhi and Ansar Burney are conspicuously absent from the pages of these books. ?The absolutist worldview these books champion,? says one educationalist, ?promotes a dangerous environment rife with hatred and suspicion of the other. Forcing students to read such stuff amounts to state-sponsored terrorism. These poisoned texts need to be reviewed urgently.? - The Friday Times
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History Taught In Pakistan - by acharya - 11-23-2005, 09:02 AM
History Taught In Pakistan - by acharya - 11-23-2005, 09:03 AM
History Taught In Pakistan - by acharya - 11-23-2005, 09:10 AM
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History Taught In Pakistan - by acharya - 08-20-2006, 05:27 AM
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History Taught In Pakistan - by acharya - 09-26-2009, 03:54 AM
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