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Nepal News & Discussion
By B.Raman

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->8. These tactical changes came in the wake of the failure of the repeated attempts of the Maoists to extend their control from the rural areas to the  urban  and finally to Kathmandu, the capital. Mao had said, capture the rural areas and then surround the urban areas and launch the final assault. They had no difficulty in capturing the rural areas because the ill-trained and ill-motivated rural police hardly put up any resistance to them. In the urban areas, and particularly in Kathmandu, they have had to confront the well-trained and well-motivated Gurkha soldiers of the Army.

9. The Army is not strong enough to liberate the rural areas from the control of the Maoists, but it has shown itself to be strong enough to preven the Maoists from extending their control to Kathmandu.<b> The Maoists have a demonstrated capability for sporadic acts of urban terrorism, but do not as yet have the  capability to capture power through a frontal confrontation with the Army.</b><!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->

THE MAOISTS OF NEPAL: Three perspectives
B. Raman

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>Prachanda </b>says:  "We decided that we should initiate People's War from different parts of the country.  We should centralize in mainly three areas-East, Middle, West-and the capital. <b> Cities should also be another point, not for armed clashes, but for propaganda and such things.  </b>"<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Forums are in favor of King, majority of people are against Maoist.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->

Ther are only a few thousand maoist/naxal fighters in india itself. the acual number in nepal must be much less.
Nepalies are very much against Crown Prince Paras. Current King is tough and straight forward.
As much as this is applicable to maoists in India its even more applicable in case of Nepal. You cannot grant the maoists an actual state to give them legitimacy.

<!--QuoteBegin-Mudy+Apr 24 2006, 08:15 AM-->QUOTE(Mudy @ Apr 24 2006, 08:15 AM)<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>'Why do you say Maoists are not terrorists?</b>'
UPA traitors Pranab mukherjee, Shivraj Patil, and Shyama Saran seem to towing yechury's line.......

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->As Kathmandu crumbles, India may abandon King

Pramod Kumar Singh | New Delhi

With Nepal swiftly slipping into Maoist control, India on Monday appeared all set to abandon Nepal's beleaguered monarchy and instead prepare a contingency plan to tide over developments post-monarchy.

Concerned over the unfolding situation, Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee presided over a meeting attended by Home Minister Shivraj Patil, National Security Advisor, Home Secretary, Raw Chief, Director (Intelligence Bureau) and MEA Joint Secretary, Nepal desk. <b>Highly placed sources told The Pioneer that India has decided not to extend military help to the Royal Nepalese Army since the situation has reached a flashpoint not conducive to military support. </b>The meeting also deliberated a scenario wherein King Gyanendra is forced to abdicate as the Maoists are on the threshold of storming Kathmandu.

The Government has also decided to keep civilian and military aircraft in readiness in case of a need to evacuate Indian embassy officials and other Indians stranded in the Himalayan kingdom. Later, the Defence Minister briefed Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Germany about the developments. The Government is keeping a close watch on the developments and evolving measures to be taken in case the situation demands, sources added.

Meanwhile, although India has reasons to be worried over a Maoist-takeover of Nepal, the UPA Government's Left allies here are working overtime to reach out to the Maoists and grant them political legitimacy.

While India officially wants the "people of Nepal" and the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) to escort Nepal back to democracy, the ground reality is that a weakened monarchy has in fact strengthened the arms-wielding Maoists, not the SPA, in the process emboldening the UPA's Left allies here to spring into action.

That the Left in New Delhi is actively seeking the inclusion of the Maoists in Nepal's political process was yet again in evidence on Monday when CPI(M) leader Sitaram Yechury met Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee.

Openly seeking King Gyanendra's abdication, Mr Yechury asked the Government to take a position on the Nepal issue "in sync" with the people's aspirations and seek restoration of Parliament. "The Government of India should keep in mind the sentiments in Nepal and seek restoration of the Parliament," Mr Yechury told the media. Mr Mukherjee and Mr Yechury have been holding consultations on Nepal for the past few days.

"The situation has gone beyond the concept of two pillars of democracy -- King and Parliament. The way the popular movement is going on, the King should transfer power to the people," the Left leader said. As for the Maoists, Mr Yechury said they have told him they would like to participate in the democratic process and lay down arms if steps are taken towards complete restoration of democracy.

As for his four-point formula to defuse the current crisis, Mr Yechury said that it has been accepted by the SPA as well as the Maoists. The formula includes immediate restoration of the dissolved Parliament which should set up an interim Government that will also decide on fresh election and formation of a new Government. The interim Government will hold negotiations with the Maoists. The new Parliament would review the Constitution and the role of the King.

On leader of the Opposition LK Advani's statement that Maoists should be kept out of the democratic process, the CPM leader said "It would be better if senior leaders of India understand the people's sentiments. The people of Nepal trust the Maoists more than the King."

Although the Left here ostensibly wants the inclusion of the Maoists as a means to get them to give up their arms, the Maoists themselves have given no such indication. The violent protests in Kathmandu on Monday bore the Maoist signature all over.

Mr Yechury is in touch with Nepali Congress veteran Girija Prasad Koirala, former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and UML leader Madab Nepal and has brifed them about his meeting with Mr Mukherjee. The Left leader has also been in touch with Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai.

Interestingly, the Left agenda was worked out between the Communist Party of India and the Communist Party of India (Marxists), keeping other Left parties out. Senior RSP leader Abony Roy and his party were kept out of the discussions even though the RSP is learnt to have evinced interest in being part of any Left consultations for restoration of democracy in Nepal.

That New Delhi would abandon the King and its "two-pillar policy" was evident over the weekend when <b>Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran said, "If today or tomorrow the people of Nepal wish to see a different future for themselves, different kind of political arrangements for themselves, that is for the people of Nepal to decide, not for India to decide."</b><!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->UPA traitors Pranab mukherjee, Shivraj Patil, and Shyama Saran seem to towing yechury's line.......

That is why, India need a nationalist party to rule India not a Mafia run by traitors.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Leaders like GP Koirala is the main reason behind the failure of democracy in Nepal. "Napaunele paayo, bokrai sita chapayo" fits exactly on what he did with resources in Nepal. We should kick him out of the country. I think he knows that people are against him thats why he fears to come to streets for strike.

<b>Nepal king revives Parliament; Calls SPA for talks</b>
Some info
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->HH Maharani Madhavi Raje, (née Kiran Rajya Laxmi Devi Rana of Nepal), married 9th May 1966.

Usha Raje Scindia is also married in Rana family.

Usha Raje is Madhavrao Scindia's sister. Pashupati Shumsher Rana, her husbans is a prominent figure in Nepal politics. A very active and influential politician. He has been in power many times and handled many portfolios.  Mohun Shumsher Rana, the last PM of the Rana family was the grandfather of Pashupati Rana. His first cousin is married to Dr Karan Singh (son of Maharaja Hari Singh) of Kashmir.
India's current envoy to Nepal, Dr Karan Singh, also has family ties with Nepal royalty and is another of the invitees to the wedding.

Incidentally, Pratap's sister, Priyadarshini Raje, is married to Jyotiraditya. Gwalior's Scindia royal family, which has close ties with the Ranas of Nepal, is tightlipped about the matter.

In fact it's a season of weddings for the Scindia clan — <b>Jyotiraditya's cousin Devyani Rana is slated to tie the knot with HRD Minister Arjun Singh's grand son Ashwarya Singh.</b>

Pratap, the son of Sangramsinh Gaekwad, the youngest brother of Baroda's last ruler Fatehsinhrao Gaekwad, will be tying the knot with Praggyashree Thapa, the daughter of Gen Pyar Jung Thapa, the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Nepal Army.

Traditionally, members of Nepal's royal Shah dynasty, including King Birendra and his two brothers, choose a spouse from the Rana line to ensure political peace in Nepal.

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->On Wednesday, Singh was to meet Pashupati Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, chief of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), who is also brother-in-law of Vasundhara Raje, chief minister of Rajasthan.

Significantly, Rana was given an audience by King Gyanendra at the Narayanhity royal palace Tuesday in a surprising cessation of hostilities. Earlier this year, the king engineered a split in the RPP and persuaded the breakaway faction to support the controversial local elections by giving it berths in the cabinet.

Karan Singh is also scheduled to meet opposition leader Girija Prasad Koirala and ousted prime minister Sher Bahadur Deuba. The royal audience is scheduled Thursday, when he will also meet another former prime minister, Surya Bahadur Thapa.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Anti-King mood at Pashupatinath
Parul Malhotra

Though some devotees are still dropping by at the temple, the usual deluge of tourists is missing.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<b>NEPAL: Maoists waiting on the wings</b>-
From nepali fora
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->King Gyanendra today declared the reinstatement of house of representative dissolved by him on 2nd may 2002. I was really delighted, especially because this afternoon I had heard that the King was bring on "Marshal Law", which would surely have degraded the situation. Besides the major announcement, he improved over his much debated and criticized speech few days earlier. He addressed the protestors and expressed a heartfelt condolence towards those who were killed in the process and wished a speedy recovery to the injured.

<b>I hope this subsides the agitation but the mass may still reject the proposal as its being led by Maoist rebels</b>.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--> <b>Leaders like GP Koirala is the main reason behind the failure of democracy in Nepal. "Napaunele paayo, bokrai sita chapayo" fits exactly on what he did with resources in Nepal. We should kick him out of the country. I think he knows that people are against him thats why he fears to come to streets for strike</b>. <!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->

It means mess is not over yet. Why 82 years old man will take charge?
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>Koirala's task Govern and crush Maoists </b>
The Pioneer Edit Desk
Mr Girija Prasad Koirala, who, by all accounts, is set to be Prime Minister of Nepal once again, and the seven-party alliance which has chosen him for the job, have a heavy responsibility to discharge. The assumption of office by the Government he heads, following King Gyanendra's announcement on Monday midnight of the revival of the House of Representatives, and statement that the sovereignty and executive power rests with the people, has given Nepal breathing space but not more.

While the seven-party alliance has welcomed the King's announcement and called off their agitation for restoration of democracy, the Maoists have rejected it. Their leaders - <b>Pushpa Kamal Dahal, aka Prachanda, and his deputy, Baburam Bhattarai - have, in a statement, called the development "a conspiracy to protect the regime", and have accused the seven-party alliance of betraying them. They have vowed to press ahead with the blockades that have stanched traffic in the major roads in the country and created severe shortage of food and fuel in Kathmandu.</b> Clearly, they have their own agenda of setting up a Maoist order in Nepal and their participation in the movement for the restoration of democracy was only tactical.

<b>The leaders of the seven-party alliance have doubtless expressed their resolve to bring Maoists into the mainstream and have announced their intention to declare a ceasefire with them.</b> Their attitude is clearly reflected in statements like the one by Mr Krishna Sitaula, an important leader of the Nepali Congress and the spokesman of the seven-party alliance, "We will work together with the Maoists." They had tried to do all of these in the past and had several rounds of talks with the Maoists, drawing a blank on each occasion. They will be naïve to believe that it will be any different this time.

They can hardly afford such naivete now. <b>The Maoist insurgency began ten years ago when they, and not the present King, were in power. It grew, gradually coming to hold sway over 87 per cent of the country, while they squabbled and made a mess of governance. There is no time for indulging in such luxury now. The prolonged political turmoil has cost Nepal's economy dear and left deep scars in the psyche of the people</b>. They have to repair the damage and put the country on its feet again. For this, they will have to deal firmly with the Maoists who are now set to prolong the struggle to isolate them from the people and eventually capture power.

Even if they relent and cooperate, it will be once again a tactical move to wreck the Government from within. Mr Koirala and the leaders of the seven-party alliance will ignore this only at their and Nepal's peril. They have to crush the Maoists. For this, they have to work together among themselves and with the Army and the police. As for India, it must lend them every support. Having played a key role in bringing about the present positive turn of events in Nepal, it has a responsibility to extend every help to the present Government to restore order and curb the Maoists, who are a menace on its side of the border as well.
<b>US asks King to assume ceremonial role</b><!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Hours after the King’s announcement to reinstate the dissolved House of the Representatives as per the demand of the seven political parties, the United States (US) has urged the King to step aside and take on a more ceremonial role in the kingdom's governance.

"The US salutes the people of Nepal's courage and resilience in their struggle for democracy. The King's speech in Kathmandu calls for reinstatement of Parliament. We believe that he should now hand power over to the parties and assume a ceremonial role in his country's governance," the US State Department said last night.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->US asks King to assume ceremonial role<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->

Missionary scums must be salivating.
Pranab Mukherjee is promising peaceful solution to be negotiated with the Maoists. it's just another YSR staged drama. Few months back helicopter gunships were being used against the Maoists. There must have been threats made to the King by the State Dept +/- China.

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->India pledges 'unstinted' support to people of Nepal

India has welcomed King Gyanendra's decision to restore multi-party democracy and hand over political power to a representative of the Nepalese people. Defence <b>Minister Pranab Mukherjee said India would help Nepal as it starts work on restoring political stability, achieving economic recovery and finding a peaceful solution to the Maoist conflict. </b><!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--> Maoists plan to engage India in trench warfare

Navin Upadhyay | New Delhi (Pioneer)

The developments in Nepal have a menacing overtone for India. The Maoists' rejection of King Gyanendra's decision to restore Parliament clearly indicates they are more interested in capturing power rather than restoring multi-party democracy.  
Indian intelligence agencies now firmly believe that the Maoists expansion in the country is similarly aimed at capturing political power using the barrel of a gun.

The interrogation of several senior Maoist leaders over a period of time has led the police and intelligence to the shared conclusion that the ultras were working on a long-term plan to destroy every institution of governance while simultaneously mobilising the masses for an eventual revolt against the Government.

"We have received similar inputs during interrogation of arrested Maoists. There is no scope to doubt that under the garb of fighting alleged "state repression", they have waged a war against the nation," an official said.

The inputs from the interrogations and literature recovered from them paint an alarming picture. The inputs highlight the Maoists' penetration in the hinterland and outline their plan to carry out a protracted war with a three-decade timeframe for the ultimate coup. For now, they were trying to consolidate their bases in Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, besides spreading their influence in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, lower Assam, Uttaranchal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.

The happening in Nepal are bound to embolden the Indian Maoists who share a close tie with their counter-parts in the Himalayan kingdom. The erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), which later merged with the People's War to form the Communist Party of India (Maoists), was largely involved in training Nepalese Maoists in the guerrilla warfare tactics in the jungles of Bihar's Palamu district.

Sources said that the success of the mass mobilisation programme by the Nepalese Maoists could now be adopted as a role model for Indian Maoists. "The Maoists have tasted the blood in Nepal. If they have a major say in power sharing in Kathmandu, the days ahead could be very challenging for India," said an official. Significantly, in many recent cases of assault on the police and Government establishment in India, the Maoists of the two countries jointly carried out the operations.

Indian Maoists are following a clear strategy: penetrate the rural areas, consolidate, establish inter-state co-ordination, win sympathisers, eliminate rivals, and establish parallel power centres in villages and taluks. This is the same plan, which they successfully implemented in Nepal, where they first took over the countryside and then encircled Kathmandu.

The strategy has so far been remarkably successful in India too. Inquiry by the intelligence agencies and police have revealed that in the Maoists stronghold, in many cases ultras even summon district magistrates and superintendents of police and direct them to award lucrative Government contracts and warn the police to keep away from them. "We have learnt from interrogation and subsequent inquiry that several DMs and SPs have completely surrendered to the Maoists. It is a very dangerous situation," an official said.

Worse is the plight of police stations located in far-flung areas with un-motorable roads without telephone facilities or vehicles. In such cases, the Maoists have taken complete control. They hold Jan Adalats and dispense justice, chopping limbs of the victims or beheading them. The State has completely withered away.

Sources said that the Maoists have set up a 12-member polit bureau, a central committee, and a central military commission. While the polit bureau was responsible for chartering ideological course of the movement, the central committee was entrusted with the task of carrying out the plan, policies and operation. The central military commission coordinates with state and district level military commissions to carry out offensives.

Official pointed out there was need to evolve a coordinated strategy to deal with the Maoists. "The Government has a five-year span while the district administration has one-year response mechanisms du to frequent transfers. Under the circumstances, we can't effectively deal with forces, which have thirty years strategy. India needs to put in place matching response mechanisms if we want to avoid a situation when we will have to send our armies to fight pitched battles in villages to turf out the Maoists. That could bring in a lot of collateral damage and isolate the people," an official said.

But so far, the Government's response has been knee-jerk. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recently admitted that the Maoist menace was the biggest internal security threat being faced by the nation. But the Government has not come out with any concrete plan to deal with the crisis. <!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Ultra-Red Alert
- By Balbir K. Punj

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh correctly assessed the acuteness of the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency in India when he called it the single biggest internal security threat ever faced by the country. Speaking at the second meeting of the standing committee of the Naxal-affected states in New Delhi on April 13, he admitted that parts of 160 districts across the country are slipping out of government control. There is a silver lining in this dark disclosure. Until recently, less than a month earlier, the government was reluctant to recognise the Left-wing extremism of Naxalism-Maoism as a security threat. To quote home secretary V.K. Duggal, "We don’t want to look at it as a security issue. It’s a socio-economic problem. We must have the development faster and have dedicated officers working in the area. It’s not a security issue" (CNN-IBN Live March 17, 2006, Naxalism no security threat: Government).

CNN-IBN Live serialised a coverage from the Naxal-afflicted zones of India. The channel graphically blew the lid off the<b> red corridor in making from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh. </b>The epicentre of this "compact revolutionary corridor," commonly called Red Corridor, is the Dandakaranya Liberated Zone. <b>The Naxalites, Maoists have an estimated 10,000 strong army that has established its presence in 170 districts across 15 states in the country. </b>In the next five years, by their projection, they will control 30 per cent of the country’s land.

The dossiers on Maoist violence are getting plumper. Some of these like the Jehanabad jailbreak episode in Bihar on November 14, 2005; the seizing of 628 Down Burwadih-Mughalsarai passenger train with 100 passengers in Latehar district of Jharkhand on March 14, 2006; the blowing up of both the up and down railway tracks near Bansi Nala on Gaya-Kodarma line on April 9 have created national, if not international, ripples.

Just two days before the standing committee meet, the Raman Singh government in Chhattisgarh appointed super cop K.P.S. Gill, the former DGP of Punjab Police, as adviser to the state government on the Maoist issue. BJP chief minister Raman Singh showed timely initiative to appoint him to that post in a state that is one of the most severely affected by the Naxalite menace. More than 100 civilians have lost their lives due to Naxal violence since the beginning of this year. The day Gill landed in Raipur on April 18, some 2,500 armed Naxalites besieged a Chhattisgarhi village on the Andhra Pradesh border as retaliation for the ongoing anti-Naxalite "Salwa Judam" campaign.

A "Task Force" constituted by the All India Congress Committee in October 2004, that submitted its report on April 3, 2005, said that proliferation of Naxalism was because of socio-economic factors, and not because of the ideological content of the movement. The "Task Force" strongly recommended providing sustainable livelihood across Naxal-hit states. The AICC, like the UPA government, one believes, has disappointment in store. The Union Home Ministry Annual Report for 2005-2006, made public on March 16, 2006 indicated that in 2005 casualties of security personnel have shot up by 53 per cent and civilian casualties by 11 per cent in Maoist violence as compared to 2004: 516 civilians and 153 police personnel lost their lives to Maoism in 2005, as against 466 police personnel and 100 policemen in 2004; 76 districts of nine states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are "badly affected" by Naxalite violence.

But to call Naxalite violence merely a socio-economic problem will be naïve. <b>There is enough poverty in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan where there is no Naxalite problem. </b><b>The Naxalites, in fact, attack socio-economic development programmes. </b>For instance, in Nepal, the Maoists attacked the local branch of the United Nations Food Programme on March 2; "pressure cooker" bombs were detonated there. On March 22, CPI (Maoists) cadres blasted away the railway track in the Bailadila-Visakhapatnam section and exploded a bomb at a National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) installation at Kirandul in the Dantewada district. This is the third time since February 1 that the Maoists have targeted NMDC installations in Dantewada district, district police chief Praveer Das disclosed.

<b>Our Leftists — </b>like Prakash Karat who secretly met the Nepal’s Maoist kingpin Dr Baburam Bhattarai last year —<b> vend a theory that Maoism in Nepal is a reaction to the iniquitous monarchy in that country. </b>Many of us swallow this theory hook, line and sinker. But then why are the Maoists wreaking havoc in India that is a functional democracy? Why are districts like Purulia, Bankura and West Midnapore in Left Front-ruled West Bengal hotbeds of Maoism? Are we also to infer that the Left Front rule in West Bengal is as iniquitous as the monarchy in Nepal?

<b>The Congress government, on coming to power in Andhra Pradesh in May 2004, rescinded the ban on the People’s War Group imposed by the previous state government of Telugu Desam. </b>At that time, the Maoists and Naxalites had access to only 49 districts in India. The People’s War Group’s underground state secretary Ramakrishna, alias Akkiraju Haragopal, emerged from the forests and started calling the shots. When Ramakrishna, along with 35 other unarmed activists of the Left-extremist groups PWG and Janashakthi leaders came to Hyderabad to talk to Andhra home minister K. Jana Reddy, they made no secret of their agenda. They said that dialogue with the state was intended to be temporary to sort out some problems. Otherwise, they had not abandoned their long term goal of capturing power through armed struggle. In fact, they blamed the Congress for creating all the mess. On September 21, 2004, the People’s War Group that worked in the South, and the Maoist Communist Centre that worked in Central and East India, merged to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The merger was announced on October 14.

The Andhra Pradesh government was speaking with a forked tongue, with its home minister, K. Jana Reddy, fawning on the Naxalites and <b>chief minister Y.S.R. Reddy</b> asking for disarmament before the talks could be held. The talks came to naught, but the Naxalite-Maoist menace proliferated like never before from that cut-off date. The Times of India (April 10, 2006) had a front-page news item, "Naxal terror goes hi-tech." It says that INSAS, SLR and AK-47 rifles of single and double-barrel guns are now being used by Maoists. <b>They now have an armed cadre of 10,000 men in addition to an overground cadre of 45,000 men.</b><!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
Note YSR is a Jesuit-educated agent involved in missionary assault upon AP temple complexes.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->To call the Naxalite movement a socio-economic problem without an ideological content, is naïve, lethargic and to deny the problem. The Naxalites would have formed cooperative societies and stressed on self-employment if they were asking for the removal of poverty. But they remain wedded to their goal of "revolutionary government" which they want to establish with armed means. Their movement, like any extremist movement, revolves around dogmas — bourgeois, reactionary, neo-imperialist, proletariat, democratic centralism (nothing democratic about that concept). The writings of Karl Marx, Lenin, Stalin, Mao etc., form the core of their teachings. They are the "gods that failed."

<b>In November last, China offered India assistance to crush the Maoists. China is providing munitions and money to the Royal Nepalese government to tackle its Maoist problem. </b>China has learnt the hard way, after losing hundreds of thousands of lives, the futility of Maoism. <i>If our Communists are given a long rope, the country would only head towards Pol Pot’s Cambodia. While we need socio-economic approach to neutralise Maoism, the role of military and counter-ideological approach cannot be overemphasised. </i><!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
China offering money to counter naxals?? PAkistan has also offered its help in countering the terrorist camps!!!
In India, Maoist are getting from every jack and Harry who hate India. Remember weapon drop by UK citizen, China incursion, missionary money in AP & Orrisa, Bangladesh are funding border area. Pakis are sending everything via Nepal and Bangladesh. LTTE from south.
Why they successful? it is lack of will to control problem. One can't expect anything from current puppet appointed PM and Queen is too busy in her own mess. Rests are sleeping.

Nepal is victim of Social Engneering by external entities.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--> <b>Winds of change</b>
1768 - Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the Kathmandu valley and Kathmandu became the capital of modern Nepal, laying the foundations for a unified kingdom.
1814-16 - Anglo-Nepalese War; culminates in treaty which establishes Nepal's current boundaries. 
1846 – Queen Rajendralakshmi plotted to overthrow Jang Bahadur, a military leader who was posing a threat to her power. An armed clash followed between military personnel and administrators loyal to the queen. This came to be known as the Kot Massacre. However, Bahadur emerged victorious and founded the Rana lineage.
1923 - Britain and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship, in which Nepal's independence was recognised by the British.
<b>Monarchy rules </b>
1950 - Anti-Rana forces based in India form alliance with monarch.
1951 - End of Rana rule. Sovereignty of crown restored and anti-Rana rebels in Nepalese Congress Party form government. 
1955 - King Tribhuwan dies, King Mahendra ascends throne. 
1959 - Multi-party constitution adopted. 
1960 – King Mahendra dissolved the democratic experiment and declared that a "partyless" panchayat system to govern Nepal under which king exercises sole power.
1963 - First elections to Rastrya Panchayat held.
1972 - King Mahendra dies, succeeded by Birendra.
<b>Multi-party politics </b>
1980 - Constitutional referendum follows agitation for reform. Small majority favours keeping existing panchayat system. King agrees to allow direct elections to national assembly but on a non-party basis.
1985 - Nepali Congress Party begins civil disobedience campaign for restoration of multi-party system. 
1986 - New elections boycotted by NCP. 
1989 - Trade and transit dispute with India leads to border blockade by Delhi resulting in worsening economic situation. 
1990 - Pro-democracy agitation coordinated by NCP and leftist groups. King Birendra eventually bows to pressure and agrees to new democratic constitution.
1991 - NCP wins first democratic elections. Girija Prasad Koirala becomes prime minister.
1994 - Koirala's government defeated in no-confidence motion. New elections lead to formation of Communist government.
1995 - Communist government dissolved. Radical leftist group, the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) begins insurrection in rural areas aimed at abolishing monarch and establishing people's republic.
1997 - Continuing political instability as prime minister Sher Bahadur Deuba is defeated and replaced by Lokendra Bahadur Chand. Chand is then forced to resign because of party splits and is replaced by Surya Bahadur Thapa.
1998 - Thapa stands down because of party splits. GP Koirala returns as prime minister heading a coalition government. 
1999 - Fresh elections give majority to Nepali Congress Party. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai becomes prime minister.
2000 - Prime Minister Bhattarai steps down after revolt in Nepali Congress Party. GP Koirala returns as prime minister, heading the ninth government in 10 years. 
2001 April - General strike called by Maoist rebels brings Nepal to a virtual standstill; police arrest anti-government demonstrators, including some opposition leaders, in Kathmandu.
<b>Palace Massacre </b>
June 1, 2001 - King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and other close relatives killed in shooting spree by Crown Prince Dipendra, who then shoots himself.
June 4, 2001 - Prince Gyanendra crowned King of Nepal after the late King Birendra's son, Dipendra - who had been declared king on June 2 – succumbed to his injuries sustained during the palace shooting. 
July 2001 - Maoist rebels step up campaign of violence. Sher Bahadur Deuba becomes prime minister, heading the 11th government in 11 years, after Girija Prasad Koirala quits due to the on-going violence in the country.
July 2001 - Deuba announces peace with rebels, truce begins. 
November 2001 - Maoists say peace talks have failed, truce is no longer justified.
<b>Emergency </b>
November 2001 - State of emergency declared after more than 100 people are killed in four days of violence. King Gyanendra orders army to wipe out the Maoist rebels.
April 2002 - Maoist rebels order five-day national strike, days after hundreds are killed in two of the bloodiest attacks of the six-year rebellion.
May 2002 - Parliament dissolved, fresh elections called amid political confrontation over extending the state of emergency. Deuba expelled by NCP, heads interim government, renews emergency. 
October 2002 - Deuba asks king to put off elections by a year because of Maoist violence. King Gyanendra dismisses Deuba and indefinitely puts off elections set for November. Lokendra Bahadur Chand appointed to head government. 
January 2003 - Rebels, government declare ceasefire. 
May/June 2003 - Lokendra Bahadur Chand resigns as prime minister. King appoints his own nominee Surya Bahadur Thapa as new premier.
<b>Political stalemate </b>
August 2003 - Rebels pull out of peace talks with government and end seven-month truce. Rebels call three-day general strike in September.
2003 - Political stalemate; clashes between students/activists and police; resurgence of violence. 
May 2004 - Royalist Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa resigns following weeks of street protests by opposition groups.
June 2004 - King Gyanendra reappoints Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister. 
<b>Power politics </b>
1 February, 2005 - King Gyanendra dismisses Prime Minister Deuba and his government, declares a state of emergency and assumes direct power, citing the need to defeat Maoist rebels. 
30 April, 2005 - King lifts the state of emergency. 
July 2005 - Royal anti-graft commission sentences former Prime Minister Deuba to two years in jail for corruption. He is freed in February 2006, after the commission is outlawed. 
September 2005 - Rebels announce a three-month, unilateral ceasefire, the first truce since peace talks broke down in 2003. The truce is later extended to four months.
January 2006 - Maoist rebels announce end to four-month ceasefire. 
April 2006 - Strikes and protests are called by opposition parties in protest at the direct rule of the king. There are fierce clashes in the capital.

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