Not really a fun-fact, but a rather dismal incident that assumes significance in today's world of immigration and outsourcing.
AMERICA'S ANTI-HINDU RIOTS OF 1907
<img src='http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/SSEAL/echoes/chapter4/4_2.jpg' border='0' alt='user posted image' />
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->"The preservation of the Caucasian race upon American soil" was the constitutional objective of the Asian Exclusion League. To achieve that end they pressured lumber mills into laying off Indian workers, lobbied to stop further immigration, and fomented riots to drive Indians from their homes. While not condoning the crude methods of the Asian Exclusion League, still the United States Congress, Judiciary, and Bureau of Immigration were sympathetic to their objective and the immigrants from India found themselves confronted by a great white wall.
Having crossed the hurdle of admission to the United States, immigrants from India faced resistance from European and American laborers who were in competition with them for jobs and who feared they would be willing to work for lower wages. This resistance assumed tangible form in racist organizations such as the Asian Exclusion League.<b>The group was responsible for violent incidents in Canada and the U.S., such as the "Anti-Hindu" riot in 1907 at Bellingham, Washington.</b>
<b>On the night of September 4, 1907, a mob of between 400 and 500 white men attacked Bellingham's Hindu colonies. Many of the Hindus were beaten. Some escaped from their quarters in their night clothes. Several sought refuge on the tide flats. Others were driven toward the city limits or jailed. During the course of the disturbance, the indignation of the crowd was fanned to action by speakers who addressed impromtu audiences on the street corners and incited citizens to "help drive out the cheap labor." </b>
Unfortunately, the Bellingham riot was mirrored by similar assaults in California during the months that followed in Marysville, Stege, Live Oak, and other communities where the immigrants had settled.
These incidents, however, didn't reflect the attitude of the whole community. As the immigrants continued to work hard and achieve success some of their neighbors began to accept them. A retrospective account in the Daily Astorian gives an idea of how Indian workers were viewed in Astoria, one Oregon mill town. <b>"We thought they were terrible coming with their turbans," said Hattie Spencer. "We were afraid of them at first. But my dad said, 'They have to make a living same as the rest of us. We are foreigners too.' Chris Simonsen remembered the men in "Hindu Alley" making "chupatti pancakes" patting the dough between their hands. The Indians were especially well-known for their prowess and agility in wrestling. "They were light-heavyweight champions," Bill Wootton said. Helmer Lindstrom remembered that the Indians "never undercut wages" -- they wouldn't work for less than the other employees. And most of the Astoria community considered the Hindus "vastly interesting and peaceable." There were cracks in the great white wall.</b>
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->1907 - ANTI-HINDU RIOT BREAKS OUT
"On September 4, 1907, a mob of about 500 men assaulted boarding houses and mills, forcefully expelling Hindus from Bellingham (Washington)in what is now known as the Anti-Hindu Riot.
It began as an attack on two East Indian workers on C Street and turned into a rock-throwing lynching, to 'scare them so badly that they will not crowd white labour out of the mills.' The small police force was overpowered. The next day about 300 Hindus fled Bellingham in fear.
The press, some civic leaders and churches denounced the riots. Threats were later made to other groups, though no major riots occurred."
. Picture Diagram: "This is the type of man driven from this city as the result of last night's demonstration by a mob of 300 men and boys." (5 o/clock extra, Sept. 5, 1907: p. 1&3)
"Driven From Town: ...recreation of an illustration that appeared in a local newspaper shortly after the Anti-Hindu Riot of Sept. 4, 1907. The day after the riot, about 300 Hindus fled Bellingham." (Source: Morning Reveille (Bellingham, Washington), January 27, 1999) SOURCE OF STORY: Bellingham Herald (January 27, 1999) Reprinted from: The Reveille & Chris Wolf
Other original sources from:Â
Morning Reveille & The Evening American (Bellingham, Washington)
"Hindus are leaving city" (Sept. 6, 1907: p. 1&2)
"Hindus driven from the city" (Sept. 5, 1907: p. 1&2)
"Mob Raids Hindus & Drives Them From City" (Sept. 5, 1907: p. 1&3)
Other major source:
Hallberg, Gerald M. "Bellingham, Washington's Anti-Hindu Riot." Journal of the West. Vol(12)1: 163-75. 1973. (also reprinted in The Northwest Mosaic. edited by Halseth. J.A. Pruett Pub., Boulder, Colorado. 1977.pp. 140-155).
Sometime back the India Today International Edition published a special edition on the occassion of 55th Independence Day giving 55 reasons to be proud of India.
One of them was the Dabbawallahs of Mumbai had 6 Sigma rating I believe it means an error of one in a million.
On another occassion a census of the preferences of the general populace was conducted wherein it was quoted that only 17.5% of the general public had access to LPG, 30% used other means like coal, kerosene, cowdung cake, crop residue etc while the rest 52.5% used Wood or other means. I have scanned those pages for my record.
ALERT HOMELAND SECURITY about CIIS Prof. Angana Chatterji
ALERT HOMELAND SECURITY : Angana Chatterji say 911 attack an "inside job"
This URL has the longer version of the letter and list of signatories including Angana Chatterji (misspelt Cheaterji). Signatory #19 : Angana Chatterji, Ph.D., scholar-activist and professor of anthropology
This is sufficient ground to report to homeland security.
Here is copy of a letter (short version) being circulated in the U.S. Congress which alleges that 9/11 attacks were an "inside job," engineered by the Bush Administration.
Guess who is one of the signees-- Angana Chatterji.
Nothing wrong with getting to the truth about the "Iraq Memo" but that is a red herring. The real purpose is to gain legitimacy for the "Inside job" conspiracy theory.
Note also that Angana Chatterji has publicly charged that sending money to help families of firefighters who died in the World Trade Center attack was anti-Muslim. Her behavior and her consistent public positions (she has no record of scholarly publications to speak of) and record of articles in the Pakistani media suggest that she is for ever looking for funding from such sources.
The Homeland Security Department should be advised to look into her funding sources. It certainly cannot be limited to one impoverished non-descript college like the CIIS.
I am amzed that the SF Chronicle didn't do a background check on her dubious credentials. They should know something about this Califirnia Institute of Integral Studies. -- EXPERT COMMENT
THIS IS PURE PUBLICITY STUNT BY ANGANA CHATTERJI
S.F. professor fears Hindu retaliation Militants threaten rape over investigations of caste tension, she says Mark Williams, Jehangir Pocha, Chronicle Foreign Service
Thursday, June 23, 2005
Mourning Bagdad : Liberating at Bagdad AUDIO.
Signatory #19 : Angana Chatterji, Ph.D., scholar-activist and professor of anthropology www.911truth.org/article.php?story=20041026093059633
<b>This is sufficient ground to report to homeland security.
Guys Call homeland security and tell them to investigate all her sources of funds</b>.
<b>The Great and Ancient Hindu-Mayan Nexus.
Can we retrace it? Can we revive it?</b>
It is notable that the zenith of Maya civilization was reached at a time when India also had attained an unparalleled peak during the Gupta period which preceded the Mayan classical age of 320 AD by more than a century. Indian astronomy indicates that Latin America was known to ancient Indians who called it Pataladesa.the Surya Siddhanta a textbook of astronomy composed before 500AD identifies and describes Pataladesa in very clear and definite terms. Alexander Von Humboldt who spent fifty years doing research on ancient America stated â It is surprising to find towards the end of the fifteenth century in a world we now call ânewâ the ancient institutions ,the religious ideas of Asia appear to belong to the first dawn of civilization â. Hindus were mighty navigators and pioneers of cultures a thousand years before the birth of Columbus.Thier large seaworthy ships could carry hundreds of passengers and were certainly capable of proceeding to Mexico and Peru by crossing the Pacific. Indian ships were superior to any made in Europe right up until the eighteenth century.
Indian Hindu-Buddhist civilization of South-East Asia in Mexico and particularly amongst the Maya is incredibly strong and has already disturbed isolationist scholars and historians. Stylized figures of fish found at Chichen Itza evoke such a combination of highly specific details that cannot be accidental. It is suggestive of the existence of some kind of relationship between Mayan Art and not only Buddhist art in general but the school of Amarvati of the second century AD in Particular. The Maya, Toltec, Aztec and Inca are the best know of all Asoamerican civilizations. The Mayans were possibly the earliest people to found a civilization there. They moved from the Mexican Plateau into Guatemala. The archeological remains of ancient Mayan civilization of Mexico are lying scattered in parts of Yucatan, Campede, Tabasco and the Eastern half of Chipas and the whole of Hondouras.In a temple in Guatemala is a statue of an incarnation of Vishnu as Kurma, the tortoise. The sculpture is richly detailed and strongly suggests that it might have been wrought with Hindu hands. Mayan and Aztec architecture styles are remarkably similar to those in India and South East Asia. The similarities between Indian Temples and AsoAmerican pyramids as well as attributes of certain Hindu deities and the Mayan pantheon are impressive. The Hindu God Kubera was God of the North. The Guate in Guate-mala is the only way the Mayans could pronounce Kubare.Mala was one of the seven islands of the Antara-Dwipa of God Vishnu.Anatara means âas distantâ, another country, in the middle .Kuvere-Mala (Guatemala) is also part of the Mayan lands known as Nacaste derived from Sanskrit Naga-Shetra (Land of the Nagas), one of the largest tribes in South America the Gurani derived that collective name from Kurvani âKuberaâsâ people. The sun (Kuarehy) Kuver is the home of the Gurani supreme God Tupa, who may derive from Suva, a name for Shiva.
Indian religious art and culture seem naturally to have exercised an extraordinary fascination over the indigenous peoples of all these territories no doubt owing to the attraction offered by Hinduism and Buddhism. India was unique in that her hoary spiritual civilization spread through the prestige of her magnificent culture as opposed to the barrel of a Spanish gun or the blade of steel wielded by the aggressive European colonizers on thousand years later when Columbus encountered the ancient Mayans on his third voyage to the Americas. The scope and magnitude of Hindu influence in the Americas is at once startling. The rich diffusion of Hindu culture is common to Mexico, Guatemala, Java and Indochina in the form of the pyramids. Maya and Aztec architectural styles are remarkably similar to those in India and South Asia. Baron Alexander Von Humboldt (1769-1859) an eminent Prussian scholar and anthropologist was one of the first to postulate the Asiatic origins of the Indians civilizations of the Americas. Dr.Robert Heine Gledern , an anthropologist stated that the influences of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of South East Asia in Mexico and particularly amongst the Maya are remarkably strong and have already disturbed the same Americanists who donât like to see them but cannot deny them.The emigrant races of India took with them wherever they went their system of measurement of time,their local Gods, their customs including games such as Patolli or Pachisis in Mexican as well as dances and ceremonials. The belief in the four Hindu Yugas or epochs, the existence in America of the Hindu Gurukula scheme of education ,The Hindu Panchayat system, the Bazaar economy, the soma yagna (sacrifice),the worship of Indira,Trinity and Hindu Gods. Both Hindus and AsioAmericans used similar items in their worship rituals and maintained a concept of cosmological seasons extending over thousands of years. Another scholar by the name of Ramon Mena,author of Mexican archaeology called the Nahuatl,Zapoteca and Mayan languagesâ writing and the anthropological type as well as their personal adornments of Hindu origin and still yet another scholar Ambassador Miles Poindexter called Mayan civilization âunquestionably Hinduâ. There are plenty of architectural elements and other data to show that ancient American civilizations date as far back as twelve to fifteen thousand years ago. It has been postulated that Aryan words and peoples came to the Americas by the Island chains of Polynesia. It is striking that through the long succession of centuries the word for boat in Mexico is âcatamaranâ a south Indian Tamilian word.
The Mayans had attained the highest maturity in art,craft,sculpture and hieroglyphs.Thier magnificent achievements in social,economic,political and religious fields, their calendar and hieroglyphic writings ,reasons of the sudden collapse of their classical culture everywhere in Mesoamerican are yet still a mystery although to quote Glyn Daniel in his book â Civilizationsâ within fifteen years between 1519 to 1533 the Western world discovered and brutally destroyed three civilizations, the Aztecs of Mexico and the Mayans of Yucatan, Guatemala and Inca of Peru. The âMayaâ Indians had spent thousands of years in building their magnificent monuments at Mayapan, Palenque, Copan, Tikal, Kaminalijuyu and Piedras Negas all links to their Hindu culture depicting a panel of the great Indian epic Ramayana and about which most Mexican historians are resolutely silent.
Mayans preferred to settle in that part of Central America which was unhealthy but rich in precious stones and minerals and like their Hindu forefathers prospected precious mineral stones and gold and handcrafted symbolic ornaments from them as well as heavily studded and jeweled deities. Mayan deities were a pantheon of divine manifestation of creation and even the fanatical Catholic Bishop Diego De Land who was a Spanish inquisitor who presided over the ruthless destruction and systematic annihilation of all sacred books and literature containing many invaluable codices of astronomy, art, poetry, literature, had to admit his admiration of the Mayan Temple architecture and their having Godâs representing even the remotest aspects of creation such as insects, animals and plants which were worshipped as part of the Divine. The Mayan elephant which was detected in 1850âs on a sculptural pillar at Copan was regarded by those who favor diffusion of Hindu civilization influence as an Indian elephant which cannot be traced to the local tradition and provides incontrovertible evidence that Mayans were familiar with Indian mythology. The Mayan long nosed God is believed to be the elephant-headed God Ganesha.The art style is discernibly Indian as in no other religion in the world are deities of this type worshipped. In view of so many fundamental conceptions and detail in mythology, ritual, iconography, architecture, religious beliefs and customs with evidence of migration it appears incredible that the isolationists should continue to insist on the independent evolution of Asioamerican civilization. An interesting point of detail is that the Mayan priestly class âBalamâ is a pronunciation of the Hindu âBrahmâ.
The syncretic encompassing nature of Hindu civilization never imposed its influence by the force of arms of aggressive proselytization but radiated its glorious civilization by the prestige of its advanced spiritual philosophy and rich diversity of accomplished arts, voluminous literature, science ,technological superiority and lofty and illuminating principles and policy which was to always enrich the lands in which the ancient Hindus encountered and gently enhance the existing peoples not by coercion but by enlightenment. This is why Hindu culture melded in a subtle and sublime process with the ancient indigenous cultures of the Asoamerica.
<!--emo&:blink:--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/blink.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='blink.gif' /><!--endemo--> Give a bride to take a bride
Ruchika M. Khanna
Tribune News Service
Gangateri (Karnal), August 29
Literally, itâs a manâs world in this part of Haryana. In Gangateri and surrounding villages of Popra, Jhimri Khera, Jogi Khera and Kol Khera of Asandh block in the heart of Jatland, the sight of a girl child or a young woman is indeed a rare event.
Strangely, almost every family in these villages seems to beget only sons. Though the villagers blame it on nature, claiming that the majority community of Ror has always had more boys than girls, some village elders are ready to concede the truth.
âEverybody here is desirous of having sons. Most of them get ultrasound scans done during pregnancy and in case of a female foetus, they get it aborted,â says a candid Shanti Devi of Popra village, who herself has seven grandchildren, incidentally all boys.
In Gangateri, Mr Kishen Singh, who is also the president of Asandh block of the Congress Seva Dal, has two sons. His neighbour, Mr Mahavir Singh, too, has two sons only while Mr Jaipal Singh, son of the village Sarpanch, Ms Ganga Devi, also does not have a daughter.
âI have heard that some people are getting female foetuses aborted. I have been advising the villagers against this practice,â says the Sarpanch and her husband, Mr Sumer Singh.
Interestingly, the school enrollment figures speak volumes about the severely skewed sex ratio in these villages. The Government Primary School at Jhimri Khera has 71 boys and 38 girls. The Government Senior Secondary School for Girls at Popra has 297 girls, while the Government Senior Secondary School for Boys in the village has 521 boys. These schools cater to all five villages.
While boys of every age can be seen playing around the muddy roads or young men lazing under peepal trees, there are very few girls in these villages.
Though the sex ratio in these villages has always been low, its social repercussions are creating a different problem. With few girls of marriageable age now left in the village, there is a growing population of unmarried men here.
In fact, a new kind of exchange programme has been devised by the villagers â one can get a bride for himself only if he offers his own sister as a bride into the family he wants to get married into. Like Pappu of Gangateri, who had to marry off his two sisters â Pinky and Anju â to Kuldip and Pradip of Sach village. In exchange, Kuldip and Pradip allowed the marriage of their sister, Gita to Pappu.
Mr Sumer Singh said he had to give his daughter in marriage to Preet of Morkhi, and then only could he get Preetâs daughters â Meena and Reena â to be married to his sons Jaipal and Satish.
While those who have younger sisters of marriageable age get a bride for themselves, others like Mr Sukhram Pal of Jhimri Khera are forced to remain single.
Says Mr Giani Ram, father of Mr Sukhram Pal, âMy daughter was elder to my son and was married off several years ago. Now, I cannot find a bride for my son because I do not have a daughter to give in return for marriage. Like several other persons, I, too, will have to buy a wife for him from outside the community â may be from Sirmour in Himachal Pradesh or from Bihar or Assam,â he says, disillusioned.
Agrees Mr Suraj Mal of Popra, âBuying of brides is very common here. At least 70 girls in the village have been brought by agents and sold in the village in the past 10 yearsâ.
Major fact. America was DISCOVERED because of India. A guy lost his way enroute to India, and Lo and behold, we have America.
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