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Temples: history, architecture and distribution
All I am going to say is get a Hindu into a southern Baptist Church or into the Vatican for a meeting with the Pope, and see what happens. THe Pope along with the tolerant nation's of France and Italy do not recognize Hinduism as a valid religion. In fact Hindus are regularly persecuted in France by the Police and are not allowed to build temples. Has any newspaper in India reported this ?, the leftist communist monkeys.

<!--QuoteBegin-rajesh_g+Jan 20 2006, 02:12 AM-->QUOTE(rajesh_g @ Jan 20 2006, 02:12 AM)<!--QuoteEBegin-->Is Guruvayoor a public temple ? Was it built using tax payer money ? How is it anyones business to tell the temple people who to allow and who to disallow ? I dont get this.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->A similar controversy erupted when permission was denied to the visiting Thai princess to enter the Jagannath shrine in Puri. <!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
When Lord Curzon was Gov General of India, out of respect, even he paid his respects to the deity from a platform built outside the temple. I'm not sure if the temple in question was at Puri or elsewhere. But these days apparently every Commie, Dick & Hari seems to have an opinion on how temples should operate... note only temples.

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Little matter that India's secular Constitution guarantees the freedom to worship and abolishes discrimination against anybody on the basis of birth and religion. <!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
Sorry, where's this coming from? Go to Mumbai and see if you (a non-Parsi) can enter any Parsi place of worship. Being a secular person <!--emo&Smile--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/smile.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='smile.gif' /><!--endemo--> and having personally visited temples, churches, masjids and gurudwaras, I couln't ever visit a Parsi temple despite the fact most of my close friends were Parsis. And I did respect their sentiments and culture without lecutring them the Indian Penal Code or Consititution of India and the secular hubris floating in media circles.

Are non-Muslim permitted to enter the holy city of Mecca in order to see the Ka'aba? Are non-Christians are not allowed to enter the Coptic orthodox churches in Ethiopia? Can non-confirmed Catholic partake of the Holy Communion? Are non-Jews are forbidden to enter an orthodox Hessidic synagogue?

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->The Guruvayoor authorities are considering cleansing ceremonies to expel the alien's polluting influence. Such a course would not only be a diplomatic blunder,<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
Guruvayoor authorities aren't bestowed upon the diplomatic responsiblities of India. It's the job of Ministry of External Affairs. Let's keep the temple and state separate shall we?

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Crossing borders, making history

Indian MP says he has made the trip of a lifetime

By Kamal Siddiqi

KARACHI: For Manvendra Singh, 41, member of the Indian parliament from Barmer (Rajasthan), it was a dream come true. As part of the 86-member Indian delegation (almost all male) that crossed over from India into Pakistan on Monday morning, history was made in a number of ways.

First of all, Manvendra was part of a pilgrimage that has resumed after a gap of about 60 years. Accompanied by both Hindus and Muslims from different parts of India, particularly Rajasthan and Gujrat, they were heading for the Hinglaj Temple in Lasbela district of Balochistan.

This historic temple, one of the oldest known in the region, is equally venerated by both Hindu and Muslim. For the Baloch, it is known as "Nani ka Mandir." The Indian delegation pilgrimage once again raises hopes for thousands of devotees in India to make the trip if and when the Munabao-Khokhrapar border crossing is officially opened.

For the border crossing itself, it was for the first time since 1965 that people were allowed to cross over from one country to another - either by foot, by car or by train. Manvendra Singh, who had been dreaming of this moment for a very long time, also had the privilege of being one of two people allowed to drive through in his personal car into Pakistan. This again has happened for the first time in several decades.

The choice of people for the trip was apt. The delegation comprises a number of MPs, including Bharatendra Singh, all the way from Bijnor in UP. There is also an MP from Katch who has also come to plead for the resumption of the steamer service between Karachi and his area.

Asked to describe his feelings, the BJP MP has no words. "All I can say is that it is a dream come true." A former journalist with the Indian Express and a Masters in Arabic History from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, this is not Manvendra’s first visit to Pakistan and yet it will be his most memorable.

Dressed in traditional Rajasthani clothes and sporting a colorful Pugree, he says: "I have been planning to come with my wife and kids for many years now but this could not happen for one reason or another. Now I have had the chance to make this historic visit only because we got special permission."

Part of his family is with him: his father, Indian opposition leader and former external affairs minister, Jaswant Singh, heads the delegation while his brother, a hotelier by profession, is also with the group (he was driving a 4WD with Jaisalmer number plates).

On Tuesday morning, the group, accompanied by a posse of security persons, made their way to Balochistan. The whole idea of coming to Pakistan and making the visit to the Hinglaj temple is a goodwill gesture, maintain members of the delegation.

Manvendra Singh is also the national spokesperson for the BJP, the party on whose ticket he first lost an election in 1999 and then won a seat in 2004. For him, the trip has to be seen in three different contexts. "First of all, our arrival signals the resumption of an age-old tradition of visiting the Hinglaj shrine," he says.

He then adds: "Then there is the fact that of all the borders that India has with its neighbors, the Rajasthan-Sindh stretch is the only one where it has not seen any problems of any kind despite the fact that there is a common population on both sides." Such a border needs to be opened.

Finally, Manvendra says that as a politician, the opening of the border crossing with Pakistan is very important for him. "After water, this was the second most important demand made during the elections. This demand came ahead of asking for roads, hospitals and schools. So you can see how important it is for my constituents. I am now working to fulfill that demand."

The trip from zero point to Karachi took about nine hours because of the overwhelming response the visitors got all the way. People have come out on the roads to welcome them and hundreds turned up at different points. "It was overwhelming," says the MP.

The deputy high commissioner of India in Pakistan, T.C.A. Ragahavan, is also accompanying the guests.

With the crossing on Monday morning, the India-Pakistan border at Sindh-Rajasthan has once again been brought back to life. The potential for tourism through this route is immense if the two countries allow private vehicles to cross over in addition to the proposed train service, say many observers.
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>Too little, too late : Atta ur Rehman Shiekh </b>
<b>The town of Katas Raj and its ancient Hindu temples have been ignored for decades. Can their remains still be salvaged? </b>
While critics jealously peer at the historical treasures inherited by Pakistan’s neighbour to the east, little effort is being made to recognise, let alone promote, the treasures inherited within the defined boundaries of the state. The town of Katas Raj, in the Kahoon Valley of the Chakwal district, is the site of many Hindu legends and what – over a millennia ago – were majestic temples. Today, these temples are an affront to the conservationist’s eye as they sit dilapidated and neglected. A few photographs in history journals and some newspapers were the only publicity these marks of the land’s history received – until, in a twist of irony, Indian leader LK Advani paid it a visit and laid the foundation stone of a joint India-Pakistan preservation and restoration project. This brought Katas Raj, among other archaeological and historical sites, back to public attention. It took a political gesture of good-will between rivals for the town to start getting the attention it deserves.

Katas Raj hosts the Salt Range’s most significant Hindu temples. Legend has it that when Lord Shiva mourned the death of his wife, a tear from each of his eyes dropped to earth and formed two sacred pools revered by Hindus. One of these formed the pool in Pushkara (Ajmer Sharif, India), the other in Katas Raj, around which the town was built.

Another legend tells the tale of five Pandava brothers, heroes of the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata , who stayed at Katas Raj for four out of the fourteen years they spent in exile. It was at this sacred pool that the Yashka (protector of the pool) and Yudhishtira, the eldest of the five Pandava brothers, conducted their famous question and answer session. The Yashka’s questions and Yudhishtira’s answers contain profound philosophy and are frequently referred to in Hindu literature. Given the reverence and rich history enjoyed by Katas Raj, Hindu philosophy refers often to this area which was visited by a number of great yogis, scholars, warriors and pilgrims.

The town boasts over a hundred temples amongst its shrines, hermitages and houses. The architecture spans the centuries between 200BC and the 18th century, built mainly, as the name would suggest, under the rule of Hindu rajas. Much of the architecture has decayed and collapsed with neglect over time. Among the Satghara (literally “The Seven Temples”), only three (one major and two minor) temples have survived. Ruins are all that remain of a stupa that was erected during Asoka’s rein. The most imposing building is the temple of Ram Chandra, a three-storey building that overlooks the sacred pool. Behind the temple is the haveli of Hari Singh Nalva, one of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s most able commanders. On the eastern side of the pool sit a number of smaller temples, including the altar of Shiva (Shiv-lung).

Some other smaller structures and caves lie across the road, the tarmac by-way that passes through the town. A temple to the east of the pool is functional and comes alive when yatris (pilgrims) visit annually. Locally called the Shadi Ghar, it was re-built by the Buildings Department some years ago because, in 1992, it was completely demolished in retaliation to the destruction of India’s Babri Mosque. To the south of the pool are remains of a shrine, now called Sanpon Wali Haveli (Mansion of Snakes), as the place was devoted to snake worship. The pool is also a source of drinking water for several villages around Katas. Amazingly, the level of water remains unchanged, despite the fact that drinking water is supplied to over a dozen villages in the area.

Before Partition, Katas Raj used to bustle with devotees and Hindu pilgrims, including sadhus, yogis, sanyasis and priests from across the subcontinent. In 1947, most of the Hindus fled Katas Raj. Septuagenarian Mohammad Khan Awan, a peasant, and his contemporary Abdul Ghafoor, a former employee of the Archaeology Department, shared their memories of the 1940s with TFT. Hindus and Sikhs of all races and castes would gather at Katas Raj for the annual Besakhi fair, they recalled. Naked sadhus would sit by the bonfire throughout the festival. All too clearly, Awan and Ghafoor remembered the 15th of August, 1947, when groups of armed and non-armed Muslims gathered at Katas, chanting slogans of Allah-o-Akbar and Naara Haidri. “They desecrated the temples and shrines and pillaged the town,” said Abdul Ghafoor. “Idols were smashed to pieces.” A Hindu pandit and two of his disciples, who decided to stay back at Partition, were murdered that night. “My father moved to another village, foreseeing more riots in the coming days in Katas,” Awan told me.

As years passed and the town remained deserted, people of the area took away the doors, windows and girders of the ancient temples to use them in their own houses. Flash floods also contributed the destruction of Katas: many structures were simply washed away and others suffered irreparable damage. According to Abdul Ghafoor, who retired from the Department of Archaeology in 1992, the Katas temples had never been a priority for the department. “Only one superintendent visited the location during the 25 years I was with the department,” he commented. “That tells you how much importance is attached to this site.”

Today, only a trickle of yatris from India visit Katas, and this too is a practice that has been disrupted. After Partition, they started coming here in 1980, but following the demolition of the Babri Mosque in 1992, stopped making their pilgrimage. The practice was then resumed in 2003. Nevertheless, much more needs to be done since the once beautiful buildings continue to disintegrate. Thankfully, special security arrangements for visitors are now provided and the site is cleaned and temples are white-washed before they arrive every year. It seems that the initiative to form a political friendship with India became a catalyst for the process of preservation.

As the government tries to portray Pakistan as a nation of “enlightened moderation” – boosting the confidence of its own minority population and being more hospitable to Hindu devotees and tourists works in favour of that – and the prime minister recognises the economic benefits of tourism, it seems as though the government may start doing what it failed to do in the past. In collaboration with the government of India and in consultation with Indian and Pakistani archaeologists and preservationists, plans have been disclosed to remove silt from the pool, repair the Satghara, and most radically, repair the statues in the temples to make them ‘living temples.’ A five-member board, with a mandate to preserve the Katas Raj temples, has also been formed, while the temples and buildings will remain under the protection of the Federal Ministry and the Department of Archaeology.

It looks as though progress will finally be made, but meanwhile, a different problem looms on the horizon. Three cement factories are being established within a radius of ten kilometres from Katas Raj; one of them a mere two kilometres away. When these factories are up and running, the traffic along the Salt Ranges will increase exponentially. What the environmental fall-out will be, remains anybody’s guess.
I've been reading about the controversy surrounding state control of temple funds and how some of the funds donated by pilgrims are being used by the state for non-temple activities etc. Is there any way of bypassing this if I want to donate money to a temple and ensure that it does go to the temple?

I've had vastly differing experiences whilst visiting temples in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. We had people pressuring us to give them money, including 'guides' and various priests - some of whom got quite nasty. So our driver told us to ignore anyone who asked us for money and simply to put any donation straight into the handi. After reading about state misuse of temple funds, I'm starting to wonder about this too.

<span style='font-size:14pt;line-height:100%'><b>Change your ID to remove any numbers in it.</b></span>
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>Gold idols found in Tripura pond </b>
Agartala: Two gold idols have been recovered from a pond in Tripura, triggering a debate among experts that Buddhism and Hinduism co-existed in the state in ancient times.

The idols were found by labourers Wednesday at Bishramganj in west Tripura, about 35 km from here. One of the idols is a nine-inch Buddha flanked by two dancing girls while the other is an eight-inch image of Vishnu in a standing position.

The idols are being kept at the local magistrate's office before officials of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) take possession of them for ascertaining details regarding age and history.

Local historians and archaeological experts say there might have been some relation between Buddhism and Hinduism in Tripura till the 13th century.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<b>An Appeal: Please visit this web site: </b>

Let us help through the signature campaign and also suggest ideas.

You can access the information at

or you can directly go to the PetitionOnline at:
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>National Mission for Manuscripts unearths wealth of records  </b>
Sirsi, Karnataka, UNI:
Over 31,000 manuscripts and 1,000 palm leaves of the ancient era have been identified in Uttara Kannada district by historian Dr A K Shastry under the National Mission for Manuscripts.

Dr Shastry told UNI here that he conducted survey of the ancient manuscripts and palm leaves in the district with the help of 50 surveyors from September five to November 30 last year.

The Mission, launched in February 2003 by the Union Ministry of Culture, envisaged to save this most valuable, but less visible of the nation's cultural inheritance. An ambitious five-year project, the Mission sought not only to locate, catalogue and preserve manuscripts, but also to enhance access, spread awareness and encourage its use for educational purposes. A coordinator was appointed in every district in the country to implement the mega-programme.

<b>Dr Shastry said the manuscripts and palm leaves with immense historic value were in the form of 'Rayasa', 'Nirupa', 'Dharma Shasana', 'Ashirvada Patrike', 'Rahadari', 'Bhogya Patra', 'Bhinnavattale', 'Kaiphiyattu', 'Tahaname' and 'Shrrmukha'. Written in Moodi, archaic Kannada and Tigalari scripts, these records helped to study the literature, social condition, Yakshagana artform, Purana and Veda of the Uttara Kannada region.</b>

He said that in Sonda Swarnaalli mutt alone, 30,000 manuscripts had been identified, besides unearthing 100 palm leaves. He had identified 200 palm leaf bundles and 500 manuscripts at Chitrapur Saraswat mutt, Bhatkal, 39 palm leaf bundles and 500 manuscripts in Manjaguni Venkataramana temple, 58 palm leaf bundles in Idagunji Mahaganapati temple and five manuscripts in Sirsi Bannada Mutt.

Besides temples and mutts, he had also identified several records dating back to 1866 at St Antony's church, Sirsi, St John the Baptist's church, Kumta, San Salvador church and St Xavier's church, Honnavar. These records were in Portuguese, he added. <!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
HJS appeals to Siddhivinayak Temple devotees to avoid donating to the Temple.
23 March, 2006 by pravakta

<b>Urgent Appeal from Hindu Janjagruti Samiti.</b>
Please pass on to all Ganesh Devotees.

Dear Hindu Brethren and Devotees of Lord Ganesha,

Lord Ganesha has been known as the "Deity of Maharashtra". Maharashtra has
the famous Self-made(Swayambhu) Ashtavinayakas(8 Vinayakas), a source of
Spiritual Energy for Lord Ganesha devotees.

The Siddhivinayak Temple in Mumbai, which is the richest temple trust in Maharashtra Second only to Shirdi Sansthan of Sai Baba has been taken over by the Congress Government of Maharashtra.

The congress Government has been known to indulge in policies and practices
detrimental to the interest of Hindus throughout the post-independence period.

<b>The present day Siddhivinayak Temple Committee has been appointed by the
Government of Maharashtra primarily with the aim of controlling the funds of the
Trust. </b>

And what does the Government do with these funds raised by the Temple Trust
by the devout offerings of devotees ? <b>There is evidence from the Tipnis
Report that this money goes to Muslim Madarasas and Christian Missionary NGOs </b>!

The Congress and Rashtravadi Congress(NCP) have divided the Shirdhi Sai Baba
Sansthan and Siddhivinayak Temple Trust amongst themselves as if these
Trusts are commodities to be used and exploited by the Government for its
anti-hindu and Anti-National policies of minority appeasement.

Surprisingly, while the Government of Maharashtra headed by Congress
continues to neglect Hindu welfare and Religious Sentiments in various issues,
at the same time, the Government is interested in holding sway over only Hindu
Religious places and Temples. Government has not taken over any Masjid(mosque) or Church. This iself is sufficient to prove the anti-hindu nature of
Maharashtra Government!

Hindu Janjagruti Samiti appeals to all devotees of Lord Ganesha to avoid
making any donations to the Siddhivinayak Temple. Instead donations may be made in any local Ganesha Temple after paying obeisances to the Siddhivinayak
idol. (hindujagruti.org)
Please circulate the attached appeal to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, President of India :
You may send your comments to the following

President of India presidentofindia@rb.nic.in
Prime Minister, New Delhi manmohan@sansad.nic.in

CM, Andhra Pradesh cmap@ap.nic.in ; drysr@ap.gov.in;

Shri L.K . Advani, BJP advanilk@sansad.nic.in
Shri Rajnath Singh , rajnath@sansad.nic.in
President BJP

BJP head office, New Delhi bjpco@del3.vsnl.net.in
VHP, New Delhi jaishriram@vsnl.in

Krishan Bhatnagar
Hindu Jagran Forum (Maryland, USA)
March 28, 2006

Letter to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, President of India

Subject: Please intervene to stop imminent sale of 3000 acres of temple lands in East Godavari district against the wishes of the Hindu Community. AP Govt. as trustees, must be accountable to Hindu "samaj"

Hon'ble President Kalam,

The Andhra Pradesh Govt., in continuation of its deliberate crusade against the Hindu religious establishments, has decided to sell the remaining 3,000 acres of temple endowment lands in East Godavari district on a war footing (attachment A). This expeditious measure, being taken without public debate and approval of the Hindu community, on whose behalf the Govt. acts as trustees is highly distressing. The statement by the Endowments assistant Commissioner that "they could fulfill the ideals of donors by doing so" is untenable. Only the community could decide it. The Govt. management of temples is arbitrary and discretionary without transparency or community involvement. It seems that there exists an anti Hindu zeal in the state administration therefore, rather than modifying the state laws to protect the endowments, they are using a Supreme Court judgment as a tool for demolishing the Hindu religious infrastructure. Mr. President, your immediate intervention is needed to direct the Govt. to freeze the sale of all lands and properties till the temples are reverted to the community and rescind the previous sales.

Flagrantly trampling upon the very basic principles of secularism requiring separation of state and religion - a worldwide norm in all democratic and open societies, Hindu temples and endowments were nationalized in Andhra Pradesh and many parts of India with the promise and premise of an open, transparent and an efficient management. But alas, the Govt. performance fundamentally defied that claim. The sweeping nationalization of temples is also squarely discriminatory against Hindus, while the minorities such as Muslims and Christians govern their places of worship.

Half of the temple lands in the East Godavari District have already been sold, while the remaining 3,000 acres are awaiting auction "on a war footing" which will make all temples in the district totally devoid of any endowment lands for sustenance. Such a crash sale of the lands that have been there for decades and perhaps centuries makes the intent of the decision suspicious. Are the authorities trying to hide the incompetence in keeping lands from illegal occupation or disposing them for political, financial motivations, or by an anti- Hindu bias to encourage minority adversarial faiths and present the land disposal to the community as a fait accompli? Such actions give credence to the allegation that the Chief Minister, Dr. Samuel Reddy sees the Hindu infrastructure through the prism of his personal faith rather than a protector of all faiths.

These actions seriously jeopardize the preservation and propagation of Hindu cultural and spiritual values and therefore, call for the total withdrawal of the state from controlling the Hindu religious entities. The apparent argument that the dismantling of the fabric of the centuries old and time -tested structure of Hindu system of worship (by taking away temples' sustenance) is necessary for uplifting the poor, and the selling of the remaining 50% lands for a few crores of rupees will help the temples is flawed. Why have even half of lands been sold in a hurry without the community's approval who are the real owners of the endowments? The state has failed even to give any logical explanation in support of such illegal and unconstitutional activities. Under these circumstances not only should the present sale be stopped forthwith but the previous sale of half of the lands must be also rescinded.

It may be noted that AP has perhaps the largest ministry of 77,000 bureaucrats to manage some 33,000 temples. There are also allegations that the Govt. siphons away 85% of temple revenues to the state exchequer for the upkeep of the ministry, leaving pujaris to starve. Sometime ago it was reported in media that the Govt. had yet to reimburse Rs. 28 crores to the endowments department for lands they acquired for Police stations, bus stands, etc. The record of the state is highly anti- Hindu with seeming intent to demolish the Hindu religious infrastructure (attachment B). The management of temples is non- transparent. It aims at keeping the community in the dark about its assets as also about the financial and religious management of the temples and their estates.

The state has seriously violated the constitution : a) by denying Hindus their fundamental Religious Rights guaranteed under Articles 25 and 26 of the Indian Constitution to establish, maintain religious institutions; to own and acquire movable and immovable property; and to administer such property in accordance with law.; and b) by gross misuse of state powers under Concurrent List (Article 246 (2) , Seventh Schedule, List 3 - item 28) on religious institutions by unwarranted acquisition of temples and squarely discriminating against Hindu religious institutions (attachments C1 and C2).

Further the Indian Parliament through an Act in 1991 legislated that the status of religious places, as on August 15, 1947 shall be retained". A faithful implementation of these laws will require removal of govt. control upon Hindu temples which then could be transferred to the jurisdiction of an autonomous Hindu Board. For any potential allegations of mismanagement, legal avenues are available to government e.g. the administration could appoint auditors and make specific recommendations for transparency and accountability rather than usurping places of worship.

Sir, the state authorities seem oblivious that under the provisions of the Indian constitution, controlling, discriminating, managing, reforming or patronizing religions is completely and fully out side the parameters of government jurisdiction. Why not allow an autonomous Hindu board to govern temples under the guidance of religious leaders, just as it is permissible in the case of other religions? The Waqf Board of Muslims and the management of Christian churches and religious institutions have vast funds, properties and endowments, in addition to the immense flow of foreign funds - yet their independence and autonomy is left intact!

It is baffling how the AP assembly could pass legislation which is violative of the Constitution and also against the accepted norms in all free and democratic societies. Most importantly it is applied discriminatively only to Hindu temples, and amounts to suppression of Hindus human rights of religious freedom. As proven by their injurious governance, the state legislature may have passed the measure to takeover temples on the basis of misinformed and biased voting or for political, financial and anti- Hindu interests in endowments. Our contention is corroborated by the passage of an illegal Bill in AP Assembly for religion based reservation for the Muslims in AP, which was declared unconstitutional and therefore, overturned by the Supreme Court

Sir, Govt. control is causing effective de- Hinduisation of the temples. The temple is not just for rituals by purohits and for tourist curiosity that the government wants to project but also the centre of community's socio-cultural life, a place of learning with Acharyas, for community sewa, dharma prachar and for character building. The grandeur of Hinduism - its Vedas, Upanishads, Ramayana, Mahabharata, the Bhagwad Geeta - its glorious ancient culture, spirituality and values that the community would like to project and propagate can only be done under a devoted Hindu religious governance, without the interference by the state.

Given the Govt.s mission of anti-Hinduism every place of Hindu worship and reverence is now under attack in Andhra Pradesh (attachment B): The regressive state control has seriously interfered in the spiritual and cultural activities, violated religious sentiments, and suppressed Hindus human right of religious freedom. At the cost of the temple revenues the state has built and maintained a large endowments bureaucracy while the pujaris have been left to starve. All this violation and disrespect of Hinduism is taking place while its perpetrators hide behind the cover of secularism and democracy. Can the Indian authorities dare to formalize and enforce a similar takeover plan for Jama Masjid, Churches of India or Golden Temple and will the Muslims, Christians and Sikhs permit it? Obviously the answer is an emphatic no.

The fury in the Islamic world over Prophet Mohammed's cartoons should serve as a serious warning against desecration and demolition of Hindu institutions by the state and against offensive acts like selling of endowment lands meant for temples sustenance in perpetuity. Further, terrorist attacks from Raghunath temple to Akshardham and from Ayodhya to Sankat Mochan at Varanasi and Govt's inability to safeguard them on the one hand and governments deep appeasement of minorities on the other, are causing deep resentment amongst the majority community.

Sir, some of the Indian rulers seem to have set out to achieve the goals that the tyrannical Muslim invaders could not i.e., the death and destruction of Hindu India. It is also ironic that the systematic campaign to demolish Hindu religion in India should progressively continue while the Hindu India popularly known as "Hindustan" is ruled by a Muslim President, a Christian Parliamentary and UPA Leader, a Sikh Prime Minister and Christian Chief Ministers whose own religions are assault free and therefore, they do not have sufficient incentives or need to intervene. Nonetheless, should they continue their utter disregard and indifference towards enforcing the principles of secularism in defense of the majority communitys religion when they are at the top positions, such inaction would have the potential of triggering a massive backlash.

It is a matter of serious concern that central and state governments have joined hands and launched an unprecedented assault on the founding and functional pillars of the national majority's religious heritage, because only the despotic, dictatorial, autocratic, colonial, imperialist, and inhuman regimes could act this way. Violation of majority's freedom for managing its places of religious worship and continuing intrusion and imposition of governmental dictates in an otherwise autonomous domain, will justify the charge against the state of being anti- Hindu and anti-national for shackling and debilitating Hinduism -a faith that is the single most important unifying factor in India's body politic.

Hon'ble President, it is a matter of national shame that India boasting to be the largest secular democracy deprives its own majority community the human right for religious freedom. In view of the serious concerns on the future of temples by sale of endowment lands, may we request that the AP Govt. be directed: a) to freeze all sales of endowment properties and lands till their reversion to the community and to rescind the earlier sale of half of the lands; b) to modify the 1987 Act in order to denationalize and allow autonomy of all Hindu temples in the state as is the case for other religious institutions, and enabling formation of a Hindu Board to oversee temples management; and c) .to co-opt a Hindu Council , nominated by Hindu organizations like Dharma Sansad and Hindu Dharma Acharya Sabha for guidance of endowment department till denationalization to avoid such unconscionable and unconstitutional acts that will cause further resentment and inflame communal tensions.

Thanking for your time and requesting for your immediate intervention


Dr. Jagan Kaul March 21, 2006
Krishan Bhatnagar
Hindu Jagran Forum (Maryland, USA)
email: krishan.kb@verizon.net

Attachment A
Temple lands ready for sale
Deccan Chronicle

Rajahmundry, March 14: The Endowments department will be going for an open auction of its lands to the tune of 3,000 acre from April to June in East Godavari district to safeguard temple lands and improve its sources of revenue. Addressing a meeting of officials here on Tuesday, Endowments assistant commissioner B. Venkatasw-amy said that they had auctioned 50 per cent temple lands in the district, raising revenue to the tune of Rs 2 crore, based on the Supreme Court's judgement with
regard to the Tenancy Act especially for the State.

He directed the temple officials to make efforts on a war footing to auction the remaining 50 per cent lands in the next three months and said that they could fulfil the ideals of donors by doing so. He asked the officials to give exemption to farmers who had taken about 2.5 acre land on lease in delta areas and those who had taken five acre of land on lease in upland areas as they were landless poor. He directed them to carry out open auction of lands which did not fall under these categories.

He asked them to maintain a property register without fail. He warned of stern action against the officials if they resort to any lapses while auctioning temple lands. Referring to the two bomb blasts
at Varanasi recently, he asked executive officers to maintain strict security at temples by appointing security guards to keep round the clock vigil. He advised them to take police help to ensure safety to
devotees, especially at important temples in the district.

Attachment B
Hindu temples' disintegration under AP Govt. Control

Under the Chief Ministership of Dr. Samuel Reddy, who seems to see the Hindu shrines through the prism of his personal faith, the pace of de- Hinduisation, desecration and demolition of Hindu religious infrastructure has accelerated. The government, though trustees, never give out the financial and management reports mandated under norms of trusteeship to the owners of properties i.e. Hindu community. Politicians and bureaucrats consider the revenues and properties as discretionary.

Here is a sketchy description of the control of Hindu temples and religious endowments by AP state government, based on very infrequent media reports. This shows gross mismanagement and making their urgent reversion to community governance imperative for survival.

There is reportedly: a) a proposal under consideration for allowing the construction of a church atop Tirumala"; and b) a proposal for a ropeway at Tirumala to convert the deeply religious place into a tourist hot spot, rather than preserving and enhancing its religious and cultural character, required of trustees . Any diversion of revenues, major changes in physical structures, sale/ transfer of lands and properties e.g. the proposal for land for a Church atop Tirumala, religious practices or major projects like the "Master Plan" at TTD must take place only upon the approval by the community.

Mr. Dharma Reddy, the special officer, AP claims that only 10 1/3 Square miles of land belong to the Mandir and is administered by the TTD. The statement which is influenced by some religious and commercial interests is totally unacceptable to Hindus, who for sure know that the entire Seven Hills is the sacred land of Hindus. The government must take note of it and declare without any ambiguity that the entire Seven Hills is sacred and belongs to Bhagawan Venkateshwara Mandir and that NO structure of any other religion could be allowed to encroach upon of the Seven Hills. Any violation of this reality could be a source of an unending conflict like the Babri structure.

The unforgivable and unforgettable destruction of centuries old historic Mandapam at TTD (Tirupathi Tirumala Devasthanam) with official participation is a stark reminder of a deep malaise - the unwarranted government interference in Hindu places of worship. Due to the aggressive anti-Hindu policy pursued by the Govt. there is faster disintegration and de- Hinduisation of Hindu religious infrastructure in AP. To further improve their political fortunes the Naxals are unlawfully distributing the temple lands. The massive land scam in Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the infamous demolition of 1000 pillar mandapam at Tirumala represent the multiple strategies for inflicting irreparable injury upon Hinduism. And then there is the most indefensible, serious and controversial issue of siphoning the temple revenues and disposing off the temple lands. Furthermore, the government of AP has yet to reimburse 28 crores of rupees to the endowment department towards the value of the temple lands illegally acquired earlier for bus terminals, police stations, etc. reported in media a couple of years ago.

There also prevail serious charges that 85% of temple revenues are illegally transferred to the state exchequer for funding a ministry with 77,000 bureaucrats to supposedly manage 33,000 temples while leaving many pujaris starving. Recently, AP Govt. ensured the entry of JRG Wealth Management Limited, an organization owned by Christians into the decision making and procurement process of "Prasadam" materials for use in Tirupati temple. And govt. controlled temple management has also brought in a tie- up of the TTD owned Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences with a missionary hospital. Placing the members of the competing religions at the center of Hindu religious decision making adds insult to the injury. How would Christians and Muslims like it if their religious decision making was processed and formalized through Hindu hands?

Recently there was a report of TTD executive officer, appointed by the state, barring hundreds of Sadhus from having a "darshan" of Lord Venkateshwara at Tirupati. How can the Sadhus, who have given up everything for spiritual pursuit afford to pay for the darshan? This is a gross insult to Hindus, who deeply revere them.

And then there is the issue of safeguarding of religious artifacts, allegedly stolen or clandestinely sold. No one seems to care or be accountable!

Attachment C1

Articles 25 and 26 of the Indian Constitution

Right to Freedom of Religion

25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

(1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion.
(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law
(a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;
(b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.

Explanation I.The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.
Explanation II.In sub-clause (b) of clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.

26. Freedom to manage religious affairs.Subject to public order, morality and health, every religious denomination or any section thereof shall have the right
(a) to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes;
(b) to manage its own affairs in matters of religion;
© to own and acquire movable and immovable property; and
(d) to administer such property in accordance with law.

Attachment C2

Article 246 of the Indian Constitution and the Concurrent List containing religious endowments and religious Institutions that empower the states to legislate such institutions:

246. Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.

(1) Notwithstanding anything in clauses (2) and (3), Parliament has exclusive power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List I in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the Union List).

(2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (3), Parliament, and, subject to clause (1), the Legislature of any State also, have power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List III in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the Concurrent List).

(3) Subject to clauses (1) and (2), the Legislature of any State has exclusive power to make laws for such State or any part thereof with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List II in the Seventh Schedule (in this Constitution referred to as the State List').

(4) Parliament has power to make laws with respect to any matter for any part of the territory of India not included in a State notwithstanding that such matter is a matter enumerated in the State List.


(Article 246)

List IIIConcurrent List


28. Charities and charitable institutions, charitable and religious endowments and religious institutions.

<b>State puts divine property up for sale</b>
Hyderabad, April 7: <b>Over 6,000 acres of urban lands belonging to the gods are being put up for auction by the endowments department. </b>This decision was taken after the department realised that land sharks had no fear of the gods and were grabbing even divine property. <b>After the endowments department expressed its inability to protect the lands, the government gave the green signal for the auction.</b> {How convenient}

In Hyderabad district alone, temples under the endowment department own 4,559 acres of land. Similarly, Sri Narasimha Swamy temple at Simhachalam in Visakhapatnam has 400 acres in urban areas while Hathiram Matam at Tirumala has about 100 acres. <b>The department has already auctioned 9,201 acres of temple lands in rural areas.</b>

It has become increasingly difficult to protect prime land in urban areas from land sharks, said A.B. Krishna Reddy, commissioner of the endowments department. We approached the government and it agreed to the disposal of such lands in open auction. Mr Krishna Reddy added that the department expected substantial revenue from the sale of lands. The amount will certainly be huge, he said. In places such as Hyderabad, land prices are very high.

For the present, the endowments department is only planning to auction urban lands. The endowments department owns 3,76,376 acres of land in the State out of which 94,136 acres are wetland and 2,248,136.06 acres are dry land. The department gets an annual income of Rs 62.43 crores through lease of 1,62,829 acres. About 6,124 acres of endowment lands are caught in legal wrangles. We will also auction 22 acres of prime land belonging to Kashi Visweshwara Swamy temple in Prakasam district, said Mr Krishna Reddy.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Holocaust of Hindus During the Muslim Occupation of India
Destruction of Hindu Temples

"The massacres perpetuated by Muslims in India are unparalleled in history, bigger than the Holocaust of the Jews by the Nazis; or the massacre of the Armenians by the Turks; more extensive even than the slaughter of the South American native populations by the invading Spanish and Portuguese."

- Francois Gautier

This page is dedicated to the memory of those men, women and children who were killed or were captured or converted by force to Islam over a period of fourteen centuries in India and in other parts of the globe. These men, women and children cannot be recalled for standing witness to what was done to them by the swordsmen of Islam.

Hence we are going to rely on Muslim historians, in India and abroad, who have written hundreds of glowing accounts of the devastation caused by the progress of Islamic armies across the world (and in India). As our focus is India, we are going to look only at what happened in India during the Islamic invasion and the following struggle for independence from Islamic rule that was waged by the Hindus. A pronounced feature of these Muslim histories is a description - in smaller or greater detail but always with considerable pride - of how the Hindus were slaughtered en masse or converted by force, how hundreds of thousands of Hindu men and women and children were captured as booty and sold into slavery, how Hindu temples and monasteries were razed to the ground or burnt down, and how images of Hindu Gods and Goddesses were destroyed or desecrated.

Commandments of Allah (Quran) and precedents set by the Prophet (Sunnah) are frequently cited by the authors in support of what the swordsmen and demolition squads of Islam did with extraordinary zeal, not only in the midst of war but also, and more thoroughly, after Islamic rule had been firmly established.

Almost all medieval Muslim historians credit their heroes with desecration of Hindu idols and/or destruction of Hindu temples. The picture that emerges has the following components, depending upon whether the iconoclast was in a hurry on account of Hindu resistance or did his work at leisure after a decisive victory:

1. The idols were mutilated or smashed or burnt or melted down if they were made of precious metals;

2. Sculptures in relief on walls and pillars were disfigured or scraped away or torn down;

3. Idols of stone and inferior metals or their pieces were taken away, sometimes by cartloads, to be thrown down before the main mosque in

(a) the metropolis of the ruling Muslim sultan and

(b) The holy cities of Islam, particularly Mecca, Medina and Baghdad;

4. There were instances of idols being turned into lavatory seats or handed over to butchers to be used as weights while selling meat;

5. Brahmin priests and other holy men in and around the temple were molested or murdered;

6. Sacred vessels and scriptures used in worship were defiled and scattered or burnt:

7. Temples were damaged or despoiled or demolished or burnt down or converted into mosques with some structural alterations or entire mosques were raised on the same sites mostly with temple materials;

8. Cows were slaughtered on the temple sites so that Hindus could not use them again.

This essay is to enable us to remember the sacrifice of those who attained Veergati (Martyrdom) when faced against these forces of darkness that represented religious bigotry that traumatized and tormented India and other parts of our globe for Fourteen Hundred years. India has survived as a wounded civilization to tell the story of this chilling horror. A horror that seems too cruel to be true. The unfortunate part is that it was true and this would become true once more in the future, if the forces of malevolence again get the upper hand in India or in any part of the world.

This essay has been compiled from the writings of a cross section of Historians comprising Sir Jadunath Sarkar , Rizwan Salim, Sita Ram Goel, Ram Swarup, Arun Shourie, R.C. Mazumdar and a few others.

<b>Epigraphic Evidence of the Construction of Masjids by destroying Hindu temples </b>
There are many mosques all over India which are known to local tradition and the Archaeological Survey of India as built on the site of and, quite frequently, from the materials of, demolished Hindu temples. Most of them carry inscriptions invoking Allah and the Prophet, quoting the Quran and giving details of when, how and by whom they were constructed. The inscriptions have been deciphered and connected to their historical context by learned Muslim calligraphers. They have been published by the Archaeological Survey of India in its Epigraphica Indica Arabic and Persian Supplement.

<b>The following few inscriptions have been selected in order to show that: </b>

(1) destruction of Hindu temples continued throughout the period of Muslim domination;

(2) it covered all parts of India - east, west, north, and south; and

(3) all Muslim dynasties, imperial and provincial, participated in the "pious performance".

1. Qu'wat al-Islam Masjid, Qutub Minar, Delhi:

"This fort was conquered and the Jami Masjid built in the year 587 A.H (Hejira Era) by the Amir Qutub-ud-din Aibak the slave of the Sultan, Shahabuddin Ghori. According to the Epigraphica Indica Arabic and Persian Supplement (1909-10, pp.3-4): "The materials of 27 idol temples, on each of which 2,000,000 Delhiwals had been spent were used in the (construction of) the mosque..." The year 587 H. corresponds to 1192 A.D. "Delhiwal was a high-denomination coin current at that time in Delhi.

2. Masjid at Manvi in the Raichur District of Karnataka by Firuz Shah Bahmani:

"Praise be to Allah that by the decree of the Parvardigar, a mosque has been converted out of a temple as a Sign of religion in the reign of...the Sultan who is the asylum of Faith Firuz Shah Bahmani who is the cause of exuberant spring in the garden of religion" (1962, pp.56-57). The inscription mentions the year 1406-07 A.D. as the time of construction.

3. Jami Masjid at Malan, Palanpur Taluka, Banaskantha District of Gujarat by Khan-i-Azam Ulugh Khan:

"The Jami Masjid was built by Khan-i-Azam Ulugh Khan...who suppressed the wretched infidels. He eradicated the idolatrous houses and mine of infidelity, along with the idols...with the edge of the sword, and made ready this edifice... he made its walls and doors out of the idols; the back of every stone became the place for prostration of the believer" (1963, pp.26-29). The date of construction is mentioned as 1462 A.D. in the reign of Mahmud Shah I (Begada) of Gujarat.

4. Hammam Darwaza Masjid at Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh in the reign of Akbar, the Great Mughal:

"Thanks that by the guidance of the everlasting and living (Allah), this house of infidelity became the niche of prayer. As a reward for that, the Generous Lord constructed an abode for the builder in paradise" (1969, P 375). Its chronogram yields the year 1567 A.D. in the reign Akbar, the Great Mughal.

A local historian, Fasih-ud-Din, tells us that the temple had been built earlier by Diwan Chaman Das, an official of the Mughal Government.

5. Jami Masjid at Ghoda in the Poona District of Maharashtra by Mir Muhammad Zaman:

"O Allah! O Muhammad! O Ali! When Mir Muhammad Zaman made up his mind, he opened the door of prosperity on himself by his own hand. He demolished thirty three idol temples (and) by divine grace laid the foundation of a building in this abode of perdition" (1933-34, p.24). The inscription is dated 1586 A.D. when the Poona region was ruled by the Nizam Shahi sultans of Ahmadnagar.

6. Gachinala Masjid at Cumbum in the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh by Muhammad Shah:

"He is Allah, may he be glorified...During the august rule of...Muhammad Shah, there was a well-established idol-house in Kuhmum...Muhammad Salih who prospers in the rectitude of the affairs of the Faith...razed to the ground, the edifice of the idol-house and broke the idols in a manly fashion. He constructed on its site a suitable mosque, towering above the buildings of all" (1959-60, pp.64-66). The date of construction is mentioned as 1729-30 A.D. in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

Though sites of demolished Hindu temples were mostly used for building mosques and Idgahs; temple materials were often used in other Muslim monuments as well. Archaeologists have discovered such materials, architectural as well as sculptural, in quite a few forts, palaces, maqbaras, Sufi khanqahs, madrasas, etc.

In Srinagar, Kashmir, temple materials can be seen in long stretches of the stone embankments on both sides of the Jhelum.

The inscriptions on the walls of the Gopi Talav, a stepped well at Surat, tell us that the well was constructed by Haidar Quli, the Mughal governor of Gujarat, in 1718 A.D. in the reign of Farrukh Siyar. One of them says that its bricks were taken from an idol temple". The other informs us that Hiaider Quli Khan, during whose period tyranny has become extinct, laid waste several idol temples in order to make this strong building firm...'' (1933-34. pp.37-44).

This was one of the many temples that had been destroyed and converted into a Mosque by the Muslim aggressors.

Shivaji Maharaj reconverted it into a temple. Even today, the temple structure displays a mix of Hindu and Muslim architecture. But in spite of the trying circumstances of religious bigotry of the Muslim aggressors in which he operated, Shivaji Maharaj never disrespected the Muslim faith. Whenever a copy of the holy Koran fell into the hands of Maratha troops, Shivaji Maharaj had given strict instructions to treat it with utmost respect and hand it over to the local Maulavis (Muslim priests).

For related graphic visit the site:

<b>Literary Evidence</b>
Literary evidence of Islamic iconoclasm vis-a-vis Hindu places of worship is far more extensive. It covers a 1onger span of time, from the fifth decade of the 7th century to the closing years of the eighteenth. It also embraces a larger space, from Transoxiana in the north to Tamil Nadu in the south, and from Afghanistan the west to Assam in the east.

<b>Deception practiced by some Historians </b>
Pseudo-secularist "historians" and Muslim apologists would have us believe that medieval Muslim annalists were indulging in poetic exaggerations in order to please their pious patrons. But archaeological explorations in modern times have, however, provided physical proofs of literary descriptions.

The vast cradle of Hindu culture is literally littered with ruins of temples and monasteries belonging to all sects of Sanatana Dharma- Buddhist, Jain, Saiva, Sakta, Vaishnava and the rest.

The literary sources, like the epigraphic, provide evidence of the elation which Muslims felt while witnessing or narrating these "pious deeds". A few citations from Amir Khusro will illustrate the point. The instances cited relate to the doings of Jalalud-Din Firuz Khilji, Alaud-Din Khilji and the latter's military commanders. Khusro served as a court-poet of six successive sultans at Delhi and wrote a masnavi in praise of each after he had murdered his predecessor. Khusro was the dearest disciple of Shaikh Nizamud-Din Awliya and has come to be honoured as a great sufi himself.

In our own times, Khusro is being hailed as the father of a composite Hindu-Muslim culture and the pioneer of secularism. Dr. R.C. Majumdar, whom the Pseudo-secularists malign as a "communalist historian" names him as a "liberal Muslim'.

<b>Here is what Amir Khusro has written: </b>

1. Jhain: "Next morning he (Jalal-ud-din went again to the temples and ordered their destruction ... While the soldiers sought every opportunity of plundering, the Shah was engaged in burning the temples and destroying the idols. There were two bronze idols of Brahma, each of which weighed more than a thousand mans (a measure of weight). These were broken into pieces and the fragments were distributed among the officers with orders to throw them down at the gates of the Masjid on their return (to Delhi)" (Miftab-ul-Futub)

2. Devagiri: "He (Ala-ud-Din) destroyed the temples of the idolaters and erected pulpits and arches for mosques" (ibid).

3. Somanath: "They made the temple prostrate itself towards the Kaaba. You may say that the temple first offered its prayers and then had a bath (i.e. the temple was made to topple and fall into the sea)...He (Ulugh Khan) destroyed all the idols and temples, but sent one idol, the biggest of all idols, to the court of his Godlike Majesty and on that account in that ancient stronghold of idolatry, the summons to prayers (Azzan)was proclaimed so loudly that they heard it in Misr (Egypt) and Madain (Iraq)" (Tarikh-i-Alai).

4. Delhi: "He (Ala-ud-Din) ordered the circumference of the new minar to be made double of the old one (Qutub Minar)... The stones were dug out from the hills and the temples of the infidels were demolished to furnish a supply" (Ibid).

5. Ranthambhor: "This strong fort was taken by the slaughter of the stinking Rai. Jhain was also captured, an iron fort, an ancient abode of idolatry, and a new city of the people of the (muslim) faith arose. The temple of Bahir (Bhairava) Deo and temples of other gods, were all razed to the ground'' (lbid).

6. Brahmastpuri (Chidambaram): "Here he (Malik Kafur) heard that in Brahmastpuri there was a golden idol ... he then determined on razing the temple to the ground ..lt was the holy place of the Hindus which Malik dug up from its foundations with the greatest care. And the heads of Brahmans and idolaters danced from their necks and fell to the ground at their feet, and blood flowed in torrents.

The stone idols called Ling Mahadeo which had been established a long time at the place and on which the women of the infidels (Hindus) rubbed their vaginas for (sexual) satisfaction. (Mark the extent of the derogatory tone of the Islamic Saint Amir Khusro - Author). These, up to this time, the kick of the horse of Islam had not attempted to break. The Musalmans destroyed all the lingas, and Deo Narain fell down.

The Kutub Minar built by Kutub-ud-din Aibak. The Kutub Minar is one of the earliest Islamic monuments in India. This Minar was built from the columns of destroyed Hindu and Jain temples. It stands at the site of Pithoragarh which was the capital of Prithiviraj Chauhan, the last Hindu ruler of Delhi.The damaged motifs in this picture show clear Hindu origins - a testimony to the vandalism of the Muslim aggressors. There are many such temples which had been converted into mosques like the Bhoja Shala Mosque, the Gyan Vyapi Mosque, the Krishna Janmabhoomi Idgah, apart from the now liberated Ramjanmabhoomi at Ayodhya. The total runs to 3000 (Three Thousand).
In the opinion of the author, all such controversial structures should be taken possession of by a national educational trust and be converted into schools for humanist and rationalist education. This could be the first step in the long journey for converting all places of religious worship all over the globe into schools for humanist and rationalist education where humans can finally be taught the futility of worshipping human ignorance termed as God and the stupidity of fighting each other due to the different names we have given to human ignorance.

For related graphic, visit the site:


<b>What Hiuen Tsang had seen in pre-Islamic India </b>

Some historians say that the Hindu temples in North India had been destroyed not by the Muslim invaders but by the White Huns who had invaded India in the 5th century, i.e. 500 years before the first Muslims set their foot in north India in the 10th century.

Hiuen Tsang, a Buddhist pilgrim, who came from China, after the invasion of the White Huns, found many monasteries in pre-Islamic India. He said they were in a splendid state. In his days the White Huns had invaded north India and had even established their rule over Kashmir where Hiuen Tsang saw 500 monasteries housing 5,000 monks It is, therefore, difficult to hold them responsible for the disappearance of Buddhist centres in areas where Hiuen Tsang had found them flourishing.

An explanation has to be found elsewhere. In any case, the upheaval the White Huns caused was over by the middle of the sixth century. Moreover, the temples and monasteries which Hiuen Tsang saw were only a few out of many. He had not gone into the interior of any province, having confined himself to the more famous Buddhist centres.

<b>What Really Happened to Hindu Temples </b>
So what was it that really happened to thousands upon thousands of temples and monasteries? Why did they disappear and/or give place to another type of monuments? How come that their architectural and sculptural fragments got built into the foundations, doors, walls and domes of the Islamic edifices which replaced them? These are crucial questions which should have been asked by students of medieval Indian history.

But no historian worth his name has raised these questions squarely, not to speak of finding accurate answers to them. No systematic study of the subject has been made. What we have is stray references to the demolition of a few Hindu temples, made by the more daring Hindu historians while discussing the religious policies of this or that sultan.

Sir Jadunath Sarkar and Professor Sri Ram Sharma have given more attention to the Islamic policy of demolishing Hindu temples and pointed an accusing finger at the theological tenets which dictated that policy. But their treatment of the subject is brief and their enumeration of temples destroyed by Aurangzeb and the other Mughal emperors touches only the fringe of a vast holocaust caused by the Theology of Islam all over the cradle of Hindu Culture and throughout more than thirteen hundred years of Muslim occupation of India.

<b>What the Muslim Historians have to Say </b>

Muslim historians, in India and abroad, have written hundreds of accounts in which the progress of Islamic armies across the cradle of Hindu culture is narrated, stage by stage and period by period.

A pronounced feature of these Muslim histories is a description - in smaller or greater detail but always with considerable pride - of how the Hindus were slaughtered en masse or converted by force, how hundreds of thousands of Hindu men and women and children were captured as booty and sold into slavery, how Hindu temples and monasteries were razed to the ground or burnt down, and how images of Hindu Gods and Goddesses were destroyed or desecrated.

<b>Islamic Iconoclasm Today </b>
A gigantic image of the Great Master - Buddha at Bamiyan near Kabul in Afghanistan.
It is this image which has been threatened to be blown up by the Taliban, the Islamic militia that rules Afghanistan.
The statue faced its first defilement at the hands of Islamic invaders when they invaded pre-dominantly Buddhist Afghanistan in the 8th century Incidentally the name Afghanistan is derived from the Sanskrit terms Upa-gana-stan which means "Lands where the Allied tribes live".

Commandments of Allah (Quran) and precedents set by the Prophet (Sunnah) are frequently cited by the authors in support of what the swordsmen and demolition squads of Islam did with extraordinary zeal, not only in the midst of war but also, and more thoroughly, after Islamic rule had been firmly established.

Islamic Theology supports the Destruction of ALL Non-Muslim Places of Worship

A reference to the Quran and to the Theology of Islam as perfected by the orthodox Imams, leaves little doubt about the violent and aggressive nature of Islam.

Jihad is Allah's command to the Muslims to destroy the non- Muslims. It is not at all necessary that the non-Muslims need have wronged the Muslims, for them to be attacked by the Muslims. The "crime" that the non-Muslims do not believe in Islam is enough for the Muslims to attack the non-Muslims. Here is what the Quran says:

"I have been commanded by Allah to fight the unbelievers until they believe in Allah and His prophet and follow the laws of Islam. It is only then that the safety of their lives and property may be guaranteed." (Sahih Tirmzi, Vol. 2: 192)

And why should they persecute and annihilate the non-Muslims? The Koran explains the point:

"God has bought from the believers their selves and their possessions against the gift of paradise; they fight in the way of God; they kill, and are killed; that is a promise; binding on God.... And who fulfills his covenant truer than God? So rejoice in the bargain you have made with Him that is the mighty triumph..." (Repentance: 192)

Jihad, as can be seen, is a covenant between Allah and the Muslims; the former offers paradise to the latter for killing and plundering the non-Muslims without having any moral qualm in return for Paradise. Obviously, according to Islamic theology the massacre of the fellow-beings and the plunder of their possession is an act of great righteousness because it attracts the highest reward - that is, paradise. The Quran justifies booty, the plunder of the infidels in the following words:

"It is not for any prophet to have prisoners, until he make wide slaughter in land.....

Eat of what you have taken as booty, it is lawful and good." (The Spoils: 65)

Here is the essence of Islamic Jihad: Invade the non-Muslims in the name of Allah for the sheer crime of not believing in Him; first carry out an extensive carnage of the people then all their property including women and children become legally and morally the possessions of the Muslims, who are at liberty to use them as they think fit.

<b>The Physical Evidence - Mutilated Hindu Architecture </b>
The apologists for Islam - the most clogged among them are some Pseudo-secularist historians and politicians - have easily got away with the plea that Muslim court scribes having succumbed to poetic exaggeration in order to please their pious patrons. Their case is weakened when they cite the same sources in support of their speculations or when the question is asked as to why the patron needed stories of bloodshed and wanton destruction for feeding their piety.

There are, however witnesses who are not beyond recall who can confirm that the Muslim court scribes were not at all foisting fables on their readers. These are the hundreds of thousands of sculptural and architectural fragments which stand arrayed in museums and drawing rooms all over the world, or which are awaiting to be picked up by public and private collectors, or which stare at us from numerous Muslim monuments.

These are the thousands of Hindu temples and monasteries which either stand on the surface in a state of ruination or lie buried under the earth waiting for being brought to light by the archaeologist's spade. These are the thousands of Muslim edifices, religious as well as secular, which occupy the sites of Hindu temples and monasteries and/or which have been constructed from materials of those monuments. All these witnesses carry unimpeachable evidence of the violence that was done to them, deliberately and by malevolent hands.

The Silence of Art Historians regarding the mutilation of Hindu Art, Architecture and Sculpture

So far no one has cared to make these witnesses speak and relate the story of how they got ruined, demolished, dislocated, dismembered, defaced mutilated and burnt. Recent writers on Hindu architecture and sculpture - their tribe is multiplying fast, mostly for commercial reasons - ignore the ghastly wounds which these witnesses show at the very first sight, and dwell on the beauties of the limbs that have survived or escaped injury.

Many a time they have to resort to their imagination for supplying what should have been there but is missing. All they seem to care for is building their own reputations as historians of Hindu art. If one draws their attention to the mutilations and disfigurements suffered by the subjects under study, one is met with a stunned silence or denounced downright as a Hindu chauvinist out to raise 'demons from the past with the deliberate intention of causing communal strife. I, therefore, propose to present only one case out the innumerable of these in order to show in what shape such monuments are and what tale of vandalism they have to tell.

<b>Hindu Monuments of Pre-Islamic Delhi </b>
Archaeological excavations during 1992-95 at Lalkot, a Tomar citadel near Mehrauli before Delhi was occupied by Muhammad Ghori in 1192, have uncovered the following:

- Antiquities in the levels of Period II (Early Sultanate). A number of sculptural and architectural fragments in stone of the Rajput period have been noticed scattered on the surface or found in the levels of Period II, either in the deposits or reused in construction of early Sultanate structures.

They included a Varaha head; amalakas; adhisthana mouldings; pillar bases; parts of sculptured door jambs, one with maithuna figures; moulded and decorated architectural fragments; small sculptures showing Tirthankara, deities, vase etc.; Nandi figure and a lion's head which can be connected with the story of stone lion figures at the gate of the palaces of Anang Pal II.

The evidence of stone Nandi suggests for the first time the existence of a Shiva temple in the vicinity. The pre-Muslim association of this structural period of early Sultanate age is evidenced by a number of scattered or reused architectural and sculptural stone fragments. Among them the hind part of a figure of Nandi, the Vahana of Lord Shiva, reused in the foundation of wall as a rubble.

<b>India in the Eyes of Pseudo Secular Historians of Our Times </b>

Their interpretation of Indian history recognizes only the economic reality. And although economic reality is an important element of human existence. It is not the only one. Issues like Religious Fanaticism, exist independent of economic factors. These Historians view the Muslim invasions of India purely as raids of bandits out who came to loot the material wealth of India. To loot the temples of Somnath, Thanesar, Mathura, Kanauj, etc. Yes the Muslim invaders did loot the country's material wealth. But they also destroyed the Nalanda University, and burned down the countless treatises that were stored there. The Muslim invaders converted millions of Hindus to Islam at the point of the Sword, they also massacred millions more and had a practice of making a tower of severed enemy (Hindu) heads in the main square of a town after its conquest. They abducted many Hindu women and held them as concubines in Harems.

This list of crimes against humanity on part of the medieval Muslim invaders could be endless. Now these crimes do not have any economic angle at all. But all the same they were committed and they reflect in clear terms a barbaric and backward attitude. About this there is no doubt. The Pseudo Secular Historians try to mask this reality. And in this they are guilt of hiding facts and distorting history. They write that Mahmud Ghaznavi only destroyed temples to plunder their wealth, not for religious motives: a theory in flagrant contradiction with all the contemporary evidence. Mahmud was a devout Muslim, who copied the Quran "for the benefit of his soul". He refused the huge ransom which the Hindus offered in return for an idol which he had captured, since he preferred to be an idol breaker rather than an idol-seller". He destroyed many non-wealthy Hindu temples and left wealthy mosques untouched. He wasted time in non-profit acts of desecration, like hanging a cow's tongue around an idol's neck. On such facts, no honest historian would have built the conclusion that Mahmud was led by economical rather that fanatical religious motives.

<b>What Really Happened in India during the Muslim Invasions? </b>

Invaders at a very low level of civilisation and culture worth the name, from Arabia and west Asia, began entering India from the early eighth century onwards. Islamic invaders demolished countless Hindu temples, shattered uncountable sculptures and idols, plundered innumerable palaces and forts of Hindu kings, killed vast numbers of Hindu men and carried off Hindu women. This story, the educated Indians - and a lot of even the illiterate Indians - know very well. Indian History books at School and College do not tell the story in its true detail. Hence many Indians do not seem to recognize that the alien Muslim marauders destroyed the historical evolution of what was a spiritually, philosophically and materially advanced civilisation.

<b>Pre-Islamic Hindu civilization was the most richly imaginative culture, and the most vigorously creative society. </b>

The damaged armless image of the bodyguard of Shiva-Maheshwara as depicted at the Hoysaleshwara Temple complex at Halebid.
Hindu temples built in the ancient times were perfect works of art. The evidence of the ferocity with which the Muslim invaders must have struck at the sculptures
of gods and goddesses, and apsaras, kings and queens, dancers and musicians is
frightful. At so many ancient temples of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, for
example, shattered portions of stone images still lie scattered in the temple
Considering the fury used on the idols and sculptures, the stone- breaking axe must have been applied to thousands upon thousands of images of hypnotic beauty. Giving proof of the resentment that men belonging to an inferior civilisation feel upon encountering a superior civilisation of individuals with a more refined culture.

For related graphic, visit the site:


It is clear that India at the time when Muslim invaders turned towards it (8th to 11th century) was a rich region for its religion and culture: and its fine arts and letters and even for its wealth in terms of material sciences, art and architecture, precious and semi-precious stones, gold and silver.

Tenth century India was also too far advanced than its contemporaries in the East and the West for its achievements in the realms of speculative philosophy and scientific theorizing, mathematics and knowledge of nature's workings. Hindus of the early medieval period were unquestionably superior in more things than the Chinese, the Persians (including the Sassanians), the Romans and the Byzantines of the immediate preceding centuries.

<b>The Finesse of pre-Islamic Hindu Art and Architecture </b>

Medieval India until the Islamic invaders destroyed it, was history's most richly imaginative culture and one of the world's most advanced civilisations of those times. Look at the Hindu art that Muslim iconoclasts severely damaged or destroyed. Ancient Hindu sculpture is vigorous and sensual in the highest degree-more fascinating than any other figural art created anywhere else on earth. (Only statues created by classical Greek artists are in the same class as Hindu temple sculpture.)

Ancient Hindu temple architecture is the most awe-inspiring, ornate and spell-binding architectural style. (The Gothic art of cathedrals in Western Europe is the only other religious architecture that is comparable with the intricate architecture of ancient Hindu temples such as those at Khajuraho, Madurai, Dwarka, Kanchipuram,etc.) No artists of any historical civilisation have ever revealed the same genius as ancient India's artists and artisans.

<b>The Devastation caused by Islamic Iconoclasm </b>

Their minds filled with venom against the idol-worship and the idol-worshippers of India, the Muslims destroyed any Hindu temple that came their way. This is a historical fact, mentioned by Muslim chroniclers and others of the time. When the Muslims faced Hindu resistance and were forced to retreat they merely damaged the Hindu temples they could lay their hands on but the temples remained standing. This is what happened in South India.

But a large number - not hundreds but many thousands - of the ancient Hindu temples in North India were broken into shards of cracked stone. In the ancient cities of Varanasi and Mathura, Ujjain and Maheshwar, Jwalamukhi and Dwaraka, not one temple survives whole and intact from the ancient times. The wrecking of Hindu temples went on from the early years of the 8th century to well past 1700 AD, a period of almost 1000 years. Every Muslim ruler in Delhi (or Governor of Provinces) spent most of his time warring against Hindu kings in the north and the south, the east and the west: and almost every Muslim Sultan and his army commanders indulged in large-scale destructions of Hindu temples and idols.

It is easy to conclude that virtually every Hindu temple built in the ancient times is a perfect work of art. The evidence of the ferocity with which the Muslim invaders must have struck at the sculptures of gods and goddesses, and apsaras, kings and queens, dancers and musicians is frightful. At so many ancient temples of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, for example, shattered portions of stone images still lie scattered in the temple courtyards.

Considering the fury used on the idols and sculptures, the stone-breaking axe must have been applied to thousands upon thousands of images of hypnotic beauty. Giving proof of the resentment that men belonging to an inferior civilisation feel upon encountering a superior civilisation of individuals with a more refined culture,

Islamic invaders from Arabia and western Asia broke and burned everything beautiful they came across in India. So morally degenerate were the Muslim Sultans that, rather than attract Hindu "infidels" to Islam through force of personal example and exhortation, they just built a number of mosques at the sites of torn down temples - and foolishly pretended that they had triumphed over the minds and culture of the Hindus. I have seen stones and columns of Hindu temples incorporated into the architecture of several mosque, including the Jama Masjid and Ahmed Shah Masjid in Ahmedabad; the mosque in the Uparkot fort of Junagadh (Gujarat) and in Vidisha (near Bhopal); the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra right next to the famous dargah in Ajmer-and the currently controversial Bhojshala "mosque" in Dhar (near Indore).

Hindu culture was at its imaginative best and vigorously creative when the severely-allergic-to-images Muslims entered India. Islamic invaders did not just destroy countless temples and constructions but also suppressed cultural and religious practices; damaged the pristine vigour of Hindu culture; prevented the intensification of Hindu culture, debilitating it permanently; stopped the development of Hindu arts: ended the creative impulse in all realms of thought and action; damaged the people's cultural pride, disrupted the transmission of values and wisdom, cultural practices and tradition from one generation to the next; destroyed the proper historical evolution of Hindu kingdoms and society; affected the acquisition of knowledge, research and reflection and violated the moral basis of Hindu society.

<b>Slaughter of the Civilian Hindu Population </b>

The Muslim Swordsmen also slaughtered a lot of Hindus civilians away from the battlefield. This was something that the Hindus were not used to. Although pre-Islamic India was not exactly a zone of peace, and there used to be warfare, but there was also a code of warfare too.

War took place from Sunrise up to Sunset

Warfare under the shadow of darkness was considered foul

In the battlefield, an adversary who laid down his arms was not to be slaughtered.

No civilian population was ever killed.

This code of warfare was followed by the Hindus right up to the Muslim invasions, and this was one reason for the successive Hindu defeats at the hands of the Muslims who had no qualms for foul means during warfare and even in peace times.

Needless to add that the Muslim invaders converted millions of Hindus to Islam at the point of the Sword, they also massacred millions more and had a practice of making a tower of severed enemy (Hindu) heads in the main square of a town after its conquest. They abducted many Hindu women and held them as concubines in Harems.

Most Muslim rulers were fanatical proselytizers of their religion. Under the rulership of Delhi Sultans the public worship at Hindu temples was generally forbidden, Hindus were not allowed to build new temples or repair old ones. Some rulers like Allah-ud-din Khilji and Feroz Shah Tughlak would desecrate temples upon the conquest of new territory as a symbol of victory of Islam. One some occasions a particularly fanatical Muslim king like Sikander Lodi would in a fit of paranoia desecrate or destroy temples even in peaceful times.

"In 1669 Aurangzeb issued a general order for the destruction of Hindu temples." As per rough estimates about 3000 (Three Thousand) temples were destroyed and converted into Mosques in the 750 years of Muslim rule in India. But let bygones be bygones. The fact is mentioned here only to set the record straight. In my personal view all such controversial structures should be taken possession of by an educational trust and be converted into schools to preach the unity of Humankind. And eventually not just such controversial structures, but all places of religious worship should cease to be prayer houses and should be used to house schools for humanist and rationalist education. (This obviously is the author's personal view)

"During the sultanate and later under Aurangzeb, many hundreds of thousands of Hindus were forcibly converted to Islam. Shah Jahan appointed a superintendent of converts charged with the special responsibility for making converts. The sentences of criminals and prisoners of war were readily remitted and the individuals were granted daily allowances upon embracing Islam. The conversion of Muslims to Hinduism, on the other hand, constituted the crime of apostasy and was punished by death. The Jaziya, a special tax levied on all non-Muslims, was both a heavy financial -burden and a badge of inferiority borne by the Hindu; it also stimulated conversions to Islam.

The Quww'at-ul-Islam Mosque (Power of Islam).
This Mosque which stands in the Kutub Minar complex was built by Kutub-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi. The Quww'at-ul-Islam Mosque (Power of Islam) is the first mosque erected in India by Muslim invaders after the Islamic aggression of India. This Mosque was built with the columns from destroyed Hindu and Jain temples. It stands at the site of Pithoragarh which was the capital of Prithiviraj Chauhan the last Hindu ruler of Delhi.

For related graphic, visit the site:


Thus, during the 7 centuries of Mohammedan rule a significant portion of our countrymen had to change their religion by force of circumstances. And in 4 erstwhile Indian Provinces viz. West Punjab, Sindh, East Bengal and NWFP the Muslim converts came to constitute a majority by the present century. The multi-religious character of India is largely an ugly litter of intolerance, persecution, penal taxes, conversion of faith at the point of the sword, discriminatory civil and criminal laws, defilement and conversion of places of worship from that of one faith to another, all of which the country witnessed during the seven centuries of Muslim rule.

The Psychological Damage to the Hindu Mind

The Hindus suffered immense psychic damage. The Muslims also plundered the wealth of the Hindu kingdoms, impoverished the Hindu populace, and destroyed thc prosperity of India. The Psychological damage to the Hindu Mind, due to Muslim rule, was immense and unmeasurable.

Today after a gap of one thousand years, the innate spirit of humanness that is the basis of Hindu Culture can again breathe freely and it is about time that we recollect it and the successes it propelled the human mind to achieve. The human mind embodied in the ancient sages, rishis, munis and sanyasis - scientists in modern parlance.

We need to remember our past clearly and vividly, lest we forget, our capability to contribute to the repository of human knowledge, lest we forget our capability to activate the indomitable human mind residing within us, lest we forget our humane instincts that gave us a sagacious and charitable view of life along with progress - economic, technological and material. All that which goes under the term CIVILIZATION.

The human spirit in Ancient India has given to the world, the values of non-violence, religious tolerance, renunciation alongwith many elements of knowledge in fields like production technology, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, navigation, architecture, civil engineering, medical science, physics, chemistry, logic, astronomy, mathematics and so on.

We have to live up to this legacy that can help human beings in all corners of our globe to rejuvenate our spirit not to conquer one another, but to conquer oneself; not to destroy, but to build; not to hate, but to love; not to isolate oneself, but to integrate everyone into one global society and to achieve much more in the future to enrich human civilisation to result in: "The maximum welfare of the maximum number" or as in Sanskrit it is called: "Loko Samasto Sukhino Bhavantu" and "Samasta Janaanaam Sukhino Bhavantu."

In the next post we shall see what Different Historians have to say about the Hindu Holocaust.
<img src='http://www.atributetohinduism.com/images/temple_mosque.jpg' border='0' alt='user posted image' />
Reused doubled Hindu temple pillars, Quwwat al-Islam (Might of Islam) Mosque, Delhi A.D. 1192-6.

The Quwwat ul-Islam or 'Might of Islam' Mosque, erected on the site of Delhi's largest Hindu temple, and it contains on three sides, by rows of stone columns pillaged from some 27 local Hindu and Jain shrines. To the southeast was erected the great Qutb (pole or axis) Minar. It was haughtily erected as a tower of victory, and its inscriptions proclaim its purpose - to cast a long shadow of God over the conquered city of the Hindus. Qutub-ud-din employed the local Hindu craftsmen of Delhi, and their beautifully detailed stonework is everywhere in evidence. The pointed arches of the mosque's western screen were constructed using only traditional Hindu corbelling techniques; and around these arches and on the decorative band encircling the minar the craftsmen carved inscriptions, in elegant Naskhi script, interspersed with floral designs of Indian origin.
dearmost friends, I am quite happy to read so much from the rejuvanated sons of the mighty tradition.Thanks to everybody for assurance you have bestowed on aold soul like me.keep it of boys.This heritage is yours.hold it.respect it.protect it and handover it to the next generations.

I am Srivatsa from Andhra Pradesh. I am designing an alternate television channel in Telugu language which deals with religions,philosophies,native healing systems,tourism,ecology,culture,NGOs etc.,
Please respond to share information about temples and hindu establishments,and healing practices and institutions etc. I will be very greatful if my dreem of airing 100% INDIAN CHANNAEL(showing only with the terms of indian values,ethics and world view) be fulfilled with the support of you all.
<i>Voluntary organisation by hindu youngsters to revive & maintain our past glory- temples!!</i>

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Males debarred from Panchubarahi temple (Pioneer News Service)

Rajesh Behera | Kendrapara

In a break from tradition, woman priests of the Sabar community perform religious rites and rituals for Panchubarahi deities of Satabhaya village under Rajnagar block of Kendrapara district.

Another uniqueness of the shrine is that males are barred from entering the shrine. It is the only temple in the whole State where males are debarred from entering the sanctum sanctorum.

The 1200-year-old Panchubarahi temple was built during the reign of Bhaumakars at Satabhaya village near the Bay of Bengal.

According to locals, in the past years men from the Brahmin community had enjoyed the role of priests in the shrine. But for a century now the priests were debarred and the women from tribal community have been offering bhogas and performing the bathe of the deities in the sanctum sanctorum.

Locals said that a priest, Sribachha, used to do the priestly work of the five deities-in Panchubarahi. Sribachha had made a sin while he was bathing the deities. With the curse of the goddess, the priest turned stone on the same day, believe the locals.

Later, the deities had directed a woman of a Sabar community to perform the puja in the shrine; and directed her not to allow male members enter into the temple premises.<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
Malaysia demolishes 100 years old Hindu temple
Where is amnesty international and those other hypocritical western human rights scum who criticize when a mosque that was built over a Hindu temple is destroyed, but when muslim extremist terrorist scum destroy a Hindu temple, they don't say a thing.

<!--QuoteBegin-Viren+Apr 24 2006, 10:36 PM-->QUOTE(Viren @ Apr 24 2006, 10:36 PM)<!--QuoteEBegin-->Malaysia demolishes 100 years old Hindu temple
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin--><b>Centre not responsible for maintaining temples </b>
New Delhi
The Union Government on Thursday said it cannot undertake maintenance of Ayodhya, Mathura and Kashi shrines as these were not under the Archaeological Survey of India. Tourism and Culture Minister Ambika Soni said this in Lok Sabha during the Question Hour.

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