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Science, Technology And Defence.
Chandrayaan-I launched successfully</b>
<!--emo&:clapping--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/clap.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='clap.gif' /><!--endemo-->

<b>India launches first Moon mission</b> - BBC
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->But the Indian government's space efforts have not been welcomed by all.

Some critics regard the space programme as a waste of resources in a country where millions still lack basic services.

<!--emo&Rolleyes--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/rolleyes.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='rolleyes.gif' /><!--endemo--> <!--emo&Rolleyes--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/rolleyes.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='rolleyes.gif' /><!--endemo-->
<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->But the Indian government's space efforts have not been welcomed by all.

Some critics regard the space programme as a waste of resources in a country where millions still lack basic services.
Without reading article, I can say commies must be against this mission.

Congrats for great achievement.
<b>Chandrayaan lifts off successfully</b><!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->It was truly a historic moment for the entire country. The PSLV-C11, which carries India's first unmanned moon spacecraft Chandrayaan-1, was successfully put into initial orbit from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Wednesday morning at around 6.40 am.
At the end of the 49-hour countdown, the 44.4 meter tall four-stage PSLV-C11 blasted off from the second launch pad with the ignition of the core first stage at 6.22 am.

Large crowds had gathered at Sriharikota since early Wednesday morning to witness this historic event. The crowds cheered at the PSLV, which weighs 316 tonnes soared majestically into the skies. However, the thick black clouds played spoil sport for those waiting to watch the PSLV launch into the skies.
<img src='http://im.rediff.com/news/2008/oct/21sld7.jpg' border='0' alt='user posted image' />
What's his face.. Praful? the washed up jholawala -, didn't he have heart attack over this achievement? <!--emo&Big Grin--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/biggrin.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='biggrin.gif' /><!--endemo-->
<!--QuoteBegin-k.ram+Oct 22 2008, 10:46 PM-->QUOTE(k.ram @ Oct 22 2008, 10:46 PM)<!--QuoteEBegin-->What's his face.. Praful? the washed up jholawala -, didn't he have heart attack over this achievement? <!--emo&Big Grin--><img src='style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/biggrin.gif' border='0' style='vertical-align:middle' alt='biggrin.gif' /><!--endemo-->

the Jholawallas have recovered:

Fly Me to the Deity
October 29, 2008

AN unmanned spacecraft from India - that most worldly and yet
otherworldly of nations - is on its way to the moon. For the first
time since man and his rockets began trespassing on outer space, a
vessel has gone up from a country whose people actually regard the
moon as a god.

The Chandrayaan (or "moon craft") is the closest India has got to the
moon since the epic Hindu sage, Narada, tried to reach it on a ladder
of considerable (but insufficient) length - as my grandmother's
bedtime version of events would have it. So think of this as a modern
Indian pilgrimage to the moon.

As it happens, a week before the launching, millions of Hindu women
embarked on a customary daylong fast, broken at night on the first
sighting of the moon's reflection in a bowl of oil. (This fast is done
to ensure a husband's welfare.) But reverence for the moon is not
confined to traditional Indian housewives: The Web site of the Indian
Space Research Organization - the body that launched the Chandrayaan -
includes a verse from the Rig Veda, a sacred Hindu text that dates
back some 4,000 years: "O Moon! We should be able to know you through
our intellect,/ You enlighten us through the right path."

One is tempted, in all this, to dwell on the seeming contradiction
between religion and science, between reason and superstition. And
yet, anyone who has been to India will have noted also its "modernity
of tradition." The phrase, borrowed from the political scientists
Lloyd and Susanne Rudolph, might explain the ability of devout Hindus
- many of them, no doubt, rocket scientists - to see no disharmony
between ancient Vedic beliefs and contemporary scientific practice.

The Hindu astrological system is predicated on lunar movements: so the
moon is a big deal in astrology-obsessed India. That said, the genius
of modern Hinduism lies in its comfort with, and imperviousness to,
science. A friend tells me of an episode from his childhood in
Varanasi, the sacred Hindu city. Days after Apollo 11 landed on the
moon, a model of the lunar module was placed in a courtyard of the
most venerable temple in the city. The Hindu faithful were hailing
man-on-the-moon; there was no suggestion that the Americans had
committed sacrilege. (Here, I might add - with a caveat against
exaggeration - that science sometimes struggles to co-exist with faith
in the United States in ways that would disconcert many Indians.)

Of course, the Chandrayaan is also a grand political gesture - space
exploration in the service of national pride. This kind of excursion
may provoke yawns at NASA, but judging from round-the-clock local
coverage it has received, the mission has clearly inflamed the
imagination and ambition of Indians. Yes, even moon-worshipping ones.

Tunku Varadarajan, a professor of business at New York University and
a research fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution, is the opinion
editor at Forbes.com.

<b>Chandrayaan-1 in lunar orbit after successful manoeuvre</b>
<b>The tricolour has landed</b><!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->An entirely indigenously manufactured device, the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) with the tricolour painted on it — about the size of a large television set — ejected from the Chandrayaan 1 spacecraft, touched down successfully on the Moon’s surface at 8.31 pm on Friday, marking a giant leap forward for Indian space research.

Seconds later, nearly 400,000 km away, at the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) station in Bangalore, a scientist emerged to greet the waiting crowd of newspersons and onlookers. Wordlessly, he gave the ‘thumbs up’ signal. The crowd erupted into cheers.
<b>Moonshot fires vision of Indian Google Earth</b>

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->After conquering the moon, Indian scientists have their eyes trained on Google Earth.

Only weeks after the blast-off of India's first unmanned moon mission, the country's space agency plans to launch its own equivalent of Google Earth, the virtual globe programme, using its satellite network to create a high resolution web-based mapping system. The service, initially covering only India, will be offered at no cost to web users.

The Bangalore-based Indian Space Research Organisation hopes to have a prototype of Bhuvan - the Sanskrit for Earth - ready by the end of the month and is aiming for a public launch by March.

"We've created a lot of value added products out of satellite data of the Indian region," said V. Jayaraman, a research director at Isro, yesterday.

"We will introduce [Bhuvan] in phases. Over the next three to four months, the first lot [of map data] will come out and then more in a systematic manner."
<b>Indian scientists seed clouds in quest to bring on the monsoon rains</b><!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Indian scientists are flying through storm clouds in an effort to seed them with rain-inducing chemicals to try to control the timing of the annual monsoon, whose late arrival is causing havoc this year.

As Britain sweltered in temperatures of up to 32C (90F), the late monsoon means that India is suffering temperatures as high as 49C, which have caused severe crop damage, water and power shortages, and at least 100 deaths.

In Delhi some residents have been sleeping in their air-conditioned cars — with engines running — during power cuts of up to 12 hours a day. The government of the southern state of <b>Andhra Pradesh has ordered all churches, mosques and Hindu temples to pray for rain.</b>

The crisis illustrates how vulnerable India remains to the elements, especially the monsoon, which dominates the lives of the estimated 740 million people living in the countryside.

The Government is now hoping to change that by funding a three-year experiment to work out how best to seed the monsoon clouds that sweep across the sub-continent between June and September.

The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, based in the western city of Pune (Poona), launched the cloud aerosol interaction and precipitation enhancement experiment (Caipeex) on May 17. “I’m not saying the cloud-seeding is the only solution,” J. R. Kulkarni, the manager of the programme, told The Times. “But in several different parts of the globe it has now been attempted and found to be successful, so it will definitely help to ease the situation.”

Cloud seeding involves spraying clouds with chemicals such as dry ice, silver iodide and potassium or sodium chloride, which cause moisture particles to expand into rain drops and then fall to the ground.

In the first phase of the Indian experiment a light aircraft carrying three scientists and their equipment is flying through rain clouds daily for two to four hours, according to Professor Kulkarni.

“Yes, it’s a little bit dangerous,” he said. “Normally, people avoid the monsoon clouds — we go into them — but that’s a part of the research.” The equipment is measuring the temperature, speed, chemical composition and moisture and particle levels of the clouds from the inside, he said.
<b>India Ends Lunar Mission After Losing Probe</b> Signal <!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Aug. 31 (Bloomberg) -- India’s space agency ended an $82 million mission to map the surface of the moon after failing to restore contact with its unmanned Chandrayaan I craft.

Contact was lost with the probe two days ago and scientists at the Indian Space Research Organisation were unable to restore communications, said S.K. Shivkumar, the director of the ISRO’s Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network. The craft began orbiting the moon last November.

“The mission has been terminated,” Shivkumar said by telephone from Bangalore, adding computers on the craft failed.

<b>Chandrayaan I, or “Moon Craft,” was launched on Oct. 22 last year to map the lunar terrain as a first step toward landing an unmanned rover there by 2012.</b> The moon is again the focus of international exploration 40 years after American Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on its surface, with the U.S., China, South Korea and Russia planning manned or unmanned missions in coming years.

<b>“We survived for 315 days which is a good record. Many such experiments have burnt within a month in the past,”</b> state- run broadcaster Doordarshan cited ISRO chief Madhavan Nair as saying yesterday...........<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
<b>India’s lunar mission finds evidence of water on the Moon</b><!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Dreams of establishing a manned Moon base could become reality within two decades after India’s first lunar mission found evidence of large quantities of water on its surface.

<b>Data from Chandrayaan-1 also suggests that water is still being formed on the Moon. Scientists said the breakthrough — to be announced by Nasa at a press conference today — would change the face of lunar exploration.</b>

The discovery is a significant boost for India in its space race against China. Dr Mylswamy Annadurai, the mission’s project director at the Indian Space Research Organisation in Bangalore, said: “It’s very satisfying.”

<b>The search for water was one of the mission’s main objectives, but it was a surprise nonetheless, scientists said.The unmanned craft was equipped with Nasa’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper, designed specifically to search for water by picking up the electromagnetic radiation emitted by minerals. The M3 also made the unexpected discovery that water may still be forming on the surface of the Moon, according to scientists familiar with the mission.

“It’s very satisfying,” said Dr Mylswamy Annadurai, the project director of Chandrayaan-1 at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Bangalore. “This was one of the main objectives of Chandrayaan-1, to find evidence of water on the Moon,” he told The Times.</b>

Dr Annadurai would not provide any further details before a news conference at Nasa today from Dr Carle Pieters, a planetary geologist of Brown University who oversaw the M3.

Dr Pieters has not spoken about her results so far and was not available for comment last night, according to colleagues at Brown University. But her results are expected to cause a sensation, and to set the agenda for lunar exploration in the next decade.

They will also provide a significant boost for India as it tries to catch up with China in what many see as a 21st-century space race. “This will create a considerable stir. It was wholly unexpected,” said one scientist also involved in Chandrayaan-1. “People thought that Chandrayaan was just lagging behind the rest but the science that’s coming out, it’s going to be agenda-setting.”

<b>Scientists have long hoped that astronauts could be based on the Moon and use water found there to drink, extract oxygen to breathe and use hydrogen as fuel.

Several studies havesuggested that there could be ice in the craters around the Moon’s poles, but scientists have been unable to confirm the suspicions.</b>

<b>The M3, an imaging spectrometer, was designed to search for water by detecting the electromagnetic radiation given off by different minerals on and just below the surface of the Moon. Unlike previous lunar spectrometers, it was sensitive enough to detect the presence of small amounts of water.

M3 was one of two Nasa instruments among 11 pieces of equipment from around the world on Chandrayaan-1, which was launched into orbit around the Moon in October last year. ISRO lost control of Chandrayaan-1 last month, and aborted the mission ahead of schedule, but not before M3 and the other instruments had beamed data back to Earth.

Another lunar scientist familiar with the findings said: “This is the most exciting breakthrough in at least a decade. And it will probably change the face of lunar exploration for the next decade.”</b>

Scientists are eagerly awaiting the results of two American unmanned lunar missions, which were both launched in June, that could also prove the existence of water on the Moon.

Early results from Nasa’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) recorded temperatures as low as -238C (minus 396.4F) in polar craters on the Moon, according to the journal Nature. That makes them the coldest recorded spots in the solar system, even colder than the surface of Pluto, and could mean that ice has been trapped for billions of years, the journal said. The LRO has also detected an abundance of hydrogen, thought to be a key indicator of ice, at the poles.

The other Nasa mission, the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS), is due to crash a probe into a polar crater on October 9 in the hope of sending up a plume of ice that can be examined by telescope.

<b>“We are on the verge of a renaissance in our thinking about the poles of the Moon, including how water ice gets there,”</b> Anthony Colaprete, principal investigator for LCROSS, said in Nature.

<b>Big bang</b>
• The Moon is 4.6 billion years old, about the same age as the Earth
• It is thought to have formed from a giant dust cloud caused when a rogue planet collided with the Earth
• It is 238,000 miles from the Earth
• Gravity on the Moon is a sixth of that on Earth<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
^ On the above

<!--QuoteBegin-->QUOTE<!--QuoteEBegin-->Saturday, September 26, 2009
<b>ISRO Buoyed by Moon Water Find</b>

ISRO is now soaring higher than ever, reports Time Magazine (www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1926393,00.html), after the Chandrayaan-1 mission's discovery of water on the Moon.

As a result of this historic revelation, ISRO will now be making changes to the upcoming Chandrayaan-2 mission in order to follow up on mystery of lunar water and to further investigate it.

India will now be including its own smaller indigenously-made lunar rover on the mission, alongside the Russian rover that was planned. Abdul Kalam, who conceived of the Moon Impact Probe that brought India's flag down onto the Moon, also has further ideas about searching for water underground.

Posted by san at 9/26/2009 09:09:00 PM 0 comments
Labels: chandrayaan, indian science, isro, science, technology<!--QuoteEnd--><!--QuoteEEnd-->
Didn't so many countries have moon missions?
It is amazing that none of them could find traces of water there.

[url="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1240591/Comet-eaten-orbits-close-sun.html"]The moment comet was eaten up after orbiting too close to the sun [/url]

Bangalore whiz quake-proofs US buildings

19 Jan 2010, 0326 hrs IST, Pankaj Mishra, ET Bureau

Save Print EMail Share Comment Text:

BANGALORE: Whenever US-based steel fabricators Star Seismic or CoreBrace are involved in the construction of a new hospital, school or a

commercial building in the earthquake-prone American west coast, they pay $60-$80 (Rs 2,750-Rs 3,650) as royalty to Bangalore’s Benne Narasimhamurthy Sridhara for each brace they supply to make the buildings safe as houses.

Fitted with ‘sleeved column’ braces, technology for which was developed and patented by the 74-year-old, the buildings sway under the onslaught of the most severe earthquakes and storms, but they don’t buckle.

The sturdy brace apparatus developed by Mr Sridhara, a structural steel design consultant, is simple, yet effective. It surrounds a core of high-performance steel, but is spaced from the sides of the core. The sleeve absorbs and dissipates energy, but doesn’t buckle under pressure.

Almost a decade ago, while experimenting with several designs that could withstand seismic pressures, Mr Sridhara took a thin rod and inserted it inside a transparent plastic pipe. “When I applied load, the plastic tube prevented the brace from buckling,” he recalls.

The 56-floor Los Angeles Convention Center, the Bennet Federal Building in Salt Lake City, Utah, and the 60-storey One Rincon Hill building in San Francisco are among those fitted with the ‘sleeved column’ braces that emerged as a result of the experiment.

Despite being successfully implemented in the US, the design is yet to find takers in India even though the Murugappa group supported him and funded the validation of technology spending about Rs 1 crore.

"The destruction caused by the 2001 Gujarat earthquake could have been avoided if the buildings, at least those having more than six floors, had these braces," says Mr Sridhara, a civil engineer who was educated in Mysore and the US.

Conventional braces, which do not have any sleeved material for absorbing energy, can buckle under even in an earthquake measuring 5 on the Richter scale, he added. The Gujarat earthquake was recorded at 8 on the scale.

Mr Sridhara, whose invention is referred to in the US as Buckling Restrained Braced Frames (BRBF), is today helping construction firms in that country save at least 30% in costs for each brace. Moreover, Star Seismic and CoreBrace are also able to manufacture the braces in the US instead of importing them from Japan’s Nippon Steel, the world’s second largest steelmaker.

"Unlike in India, there are very stringent rules for constructing hospitals and schools in the US, and that is why this invention makes sense. Moreover, other technologies that require having more braces or even attaching bearings to the entire building can be twice as expensive," he observes.

For many American cities on the west coast, earthquakes are a common phenomenon and the local civil construction industry keeps seeking ways to build schools and hospitals that are more earthquake-resistant.

Despite getting a US patent in 2000 for his ‘sleeved column’ braces, the light of Mr Sridhara’s invention was hidden under a bushel, until Badri K Prasad, an Indian engineer based in California, took notice and started educating the local industry.

Mr Prasad, a vice-president at California-based structural engineering consulting firm Thornton Tomasetti, helped spread the word about the technology in the US and ensured that the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) adopted his invention as part of its ‘code of practice’ in 2006.

“My colleague Rafael Sabelli was studying a similar technology from Nippon Steel and everybody thought it was invented in Japan, until I told them that it was actually invented by Mr Sridhara from Bangalore,” he says.

Until few years ago, Nippon Steel was charging as much as $4000 to $5000 for each brace. After signing the licensing agreement with Mr Sridhara, Star Seismic and CoreBrace were able to bring down costs by nearly 30%. “Nippon Steel was trying to enter the US market a few years ago, but they had no patent. Mr Sridhara had,” says Mr Prasad.

As the number of floors in a building rises, the cost per brace keeps falling. For instance, a building with seven or more floors can adopt buckling restrained braces at $700 each, compared to nearly $1100 for conventional braces.

Anil Gupta of IIM-Ahmedabad, who is also the executive vice-chairman of the National Innovation Foundation, says that Mr Sridhara’s invention must be adopted in countries such as India.

“What Mr Sridhara has achieved is remarkable; his invention is today influencing America’s construction industry,” he says. “This technology is not only applicable for big buildings, but also smaller structures in earthquake-prone areas across Gujarat and other states.”

And since ‘buckling-proof’ design is needed in many other industries, Mr Sridhara’s invention continues to find new takers. Recently, the National Science Foundation of Washington along with the Federal Railway Authority of US granted nearly $100,000 for conducting tests to validate the concept.

“This can be used to design crash-worthy and shock-absorbing coaches and wagons,” says Mr Sridhara.

The next step for Mr Sridhara will be to get some Indian firms adopt the technology while constructing steel buildings. “We are currently in discussions with several firms, including L&T, and something would come out hopefully soon enough,” he says.

However, it’s not been easy so far bringing Mr Sridhara’s invention to India. When he contacted several Indian Railways officials in the country, he was asked to meet engineers at the railways factory in Perambur, Tamil Nadu. “When I met the engineers, they asked me to make a wagon myself and then demonstrate it,” he says.

Meanwhile, for Mr Sridhara, the commercial success of invention means that he no longer needs to seek funds from others for experimenting and validating his inventions. “I am earning more than what I earned during forty years of my work life here and can now fund my ideas myself.”

A ‘clog-free’ shower cap and an air relief valve without any ball float are among the new products which he aims to develop in the days to come.
[url="http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/5596095.cms"]Obama cites India again to ask Americans to buck up[/url]

Quote:21 Feb 2010, 0100 hrs IST, IANS

WASHINGTON: For the third time in a month, President Barack Obama has cited the success of India and China to exhort Americans to be prepared to meet increasing competition from other countries.

"I said this during the State of the Union. I repeated it today in Henderson in my town hall. Other countries are not playing for second (spot), they're playing for first," Obama told the Las Vegas Chamber of Commerce at Las Vegas Friday.

"One of the things I know is of great interest to Nevada is tourism and what are we doing for tourism promotion," he said, taking his economic recovery agenda on the road with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who is facing an extremely tough re-election battle this year.

"I can tell you, Harry is going to be championing a tourism promotion bill because, as he points out, why is it that every other country is promoting their tourist industry and America is not doing enough for ours?" he said amid applause.

"He's going to have strong support for that effort, but that's just one example of the competition that we're facing on everything.

"If China is producing 40 high-speed rail lines and we're producing one, we're not going to have the infrastructure of the future. If India or South Korea are producing more scientists and engineers than we are, we will not succeed," Obama said.

"So I hope that all of us - Democrats, Republicans, public servants, and leaders in the business community - can keep alive a sense of seriousness, a sense of common purpose.

"That's how we can rise to this moment and transcend the failures of the past, tackle the challenges before us, and leave behind a nation that is more prosperous than ever before," he said.

At his State of the Union and a fundraiser for Senator Michael Bennet in Denver, Obama had cited the example of India, China and Germany to push for a clean energy revolution and education reforms.

"We know that whoever leads the clean energy revolution is going to lead the 21st century economy, Obama said. "And we can't wait. We can't wait. Because China is not waiting. India is not waiting. Germany is not waiting. We can't afford to wait."

Obaba's new ministry to wipe clean the psyche of black slavery and oppression, by creating a brown nation enemy in the afar..
Moon Ice.

Quote:600 Million Tonnes of Water Found on the Moon

A team of NASA scientists have announced that the data from the mini-SAR instrument aboard the Chandrayaan-1 lunar probe has revealed large quantities of frozen water in at least 40 major craters at the Moon's north pole - an amount estimated at ~600 million tons.

If true, then this would be the find of the millenium, and could become an inflection point for humanity in helping us to establish a foothold to expand our presence to the rest of the solar system. Chandrayaan may be the most valuable space mission ever done by Man.

Posted by san at 3/02/2010 06:10:00 PM [color="#0000FF"]7 comments[/color] Links to this post

Labels: chandrayaan, india, indian science, technology, usa


My thoughts exactly:

Quote:witan said...

What happened to all the cheese?

3/04/2010 7:04 AM
A fellow moonraker at last!

Zijn we saampjes maanharkers.

(For?) the moon is green cheese

which I have to bring

One half is for me [you?]

and the rest for the king

Hmmm. Green cheese. Not very appetising...

Well, it *is* very, very, very old...
[size="6"]GM to expand R&D activities in India, to hire 400 engineers[/size]

MUMBAI: General Motors India will expand its research and development (R&D) activities in India for which it will be hiring 400 more engineers by the end of this year, a top company official said on Sunday.

"We have plans to hire around 400 engineers in our dedicated technical centre in Bangalore and we would like the R&D facility here to grow," General Motors, President and Managing Director Karl Slym said.

This follows its plans to export vehicles out of India over next three to four years in the country.

The company is in the process of recruiting more engineers to look after every process including transmission, engines, hybrids and controls. Over 700 engineers are already working at its power train design centre to support automatic transmission and advanced automotive design technologies at its local and global operations, he said.


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